Custodial accounts 3. Kiddie tax 4. Estimated tax payments 4. Retirement plans individual income tax rates 10. Charitable contributions 12

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1 a b 2015 tax planning guide The confidence to pursue all your life goals begins with a plan. Advice. Beyond investing. Your financial life encompasses much more than the current markets. It includes your goals for the future and how you want to live right now. We are committed to addressing all of your needs giving you the confidence to pursue all of life s goals. This includes making sure your tax strategy is supportive of your larger financial goals dividends and capital gains tax rates 2 Custodial accounts 3 Kiddie tax 4 Estimated tax payments 4 Social Security, Medicare and Self-Employment Taxes 5 Retirement plans 6 Employee stock options (tax characteristics) individual income tax rates 10 Additional tax numbers, including income tax & AMT deductions and exemptions itemized deduction limitation 11 Charitable contributions Alternative Minimum Tax exemption standard mileage rates trust and estate income tax rates health and education items 13 Gift and estate taxes 14 Advice. Beyond investing. plan access save borrow grow protect give

2 2015 dividends and capital gains tax rates Type of income Holding period Top rate for 10%, 15% tax bracket Ordinary dividends (See Below) Ordinary income tax rate Top rate for 25%, 28%, 33% 35% tax bracket Ordinary income tax rate Qualified dividends (See Below) 0% 15% 20% Short-term capital gains 12 months or less Ordinary income tax rate Ordinary income tax rate Long-term capital gains More than 12 months 0% 15% 20% Top rate for 39.6% tax bracket Ordinary income tax rate Ordinary income tax rate Capital losses expire upon death. These losses belong to the individual who incurred them and cannot be transferred to a spouse upon death. Qualified dividends A dividend is considered qualified if it is paid by a U.S. corporation or certain qualified foreign corporations. A qualified foreign corporation includes a foreign corporation that is incorporated in a U.S. possession, a foreign corporation whose dividend-paying security is readily traded on an established securities market in the U.S., and a foreign corporation entitled to the benefits of a tax treaty with the U.S. that includes an exchange of information requirement. The definition of a qualified foreign corporation excludes passive foreign investment companies (PFICs). A foreign-based corporation will be classified as a PFIC if either 75% or more of the corporation s income is considered passive or at least 50% of the company s assets are investments that produce interest, dividends and/or capital gains. In addition, to qualify for the lower dividend tax rate, the dividendpaying stock must have been held by the taxpayer for more than 60 days during a 121-day period that begins 60 days prior to the ex-dividend date. For dividends received on certain preferred stock (generally dividends that represent an earnings period of more than one year), shareholders must hold the stock for more than 90 days during the 181-day period beginning 90 days before the ex-dividend date. Capital losses Capital losses are deductible dollar for dollar against capital gains. Up to $3,000 ($1,500 if married filing separately) in net capital losses (either short-term or long-term) may be deducted each year against ordinary income. Net capital loss s in excess of $3,000 may be carried forward indefinitely. Capital losses expire upon death. These losses belong to the individual who incurred them and cannot be transferred to a spouse upon death. Other preferential capital gains rates Long-term capital gains attributable to real estate depreciation (known as unrecaptured Section 1250 gains) are taxed at a maximum rate of 25%. Capital gains on collectibles such as gold and art held more than one year are taxed at a maximum rate of 28%. Capital gains on qualified small business stock (QSBS) held more than five years are taxed at a maximum rate of 28%. For certain QSBS there may be more beneficial tax treatment. You should consult your tax advisor. Advanced Planning 2

3 Net investment income tax The 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT) remains in effect. The tax is 3.8% of the lesser of net investment income and the excess of the modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) over the threshold. It will be assessed on taxpayers with MAGI exceeding the following: $250,000 for those who are married filing jointly and surviving spouses; $125,000 for those who are married filing separately; and $200,000 for all other taxpayers. Income derived from real estate activities may be excluded from net investment income for calculation of NIIT if an individual qualifies as a real estate professional. Consult your tax advisor to see if you qualify as a real estate professional. Certain investment income earned by a trader in financial instruments will be exempt from the NIIT. Consult your tax advisor to see if you qualify as a trader in financial instruments. A tax loss may be claimed in the year the security becomes worthless. Worthless securities If a security that is a capital asset becomes worthless at any time during the tax year, it is treated as if you sold the security on the last day of the tax year in which the security became worthless. Note: A tax loss may be claimed in the year the security becomes worthless. A security that became worthless in a prior year may not be claimed as a capital loss in the current year. Generally, the refund limitation for carrybacks is only three years, but it may extend up to seven years in certain situations. Wash sales You cannot deduct losses from sales or other dispositions of stocks or securities that constitute a wash sale. A wash sale occurs when you sell or dispose of stock or securities at a loss and then, within 30 days before or after the sale date, you acquire substantially identical stock or securities or a contract/option to buy substantially identical stock or securities. Losses that are disallowed as a result of a wash sale are added to the cost basis of the new stock or securities, resulting in the postponement of the loss until the sale of the new stock or securities. The holding period for the new stock or securities begins on the same day as the holding period for the stock or securities sold. An IRA cannot be used to avoid the effect of the wash sale rule. When an individual sells stock or securities for a loss and purchases substantially the same stock or security within 30 days, through his or her IRA or Roth IRA, the individual s loss on the sale is disallowed. Custodial accounts UGMA/UTMA Each state has a Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA) and/or Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) to facilitate ownership of assets by minors. Contribution limits There are no contribution limits. However, contributions in excess of the annual gift tax exclusion may be subject to the gift tax if the donor has used all of his or her lifetime gift tax exemption (see page 15). Advanced Planning 3

4 Transfers to custodial accounts are complete and irrevocable. The minor can take full control of the account when he or she reaches the age of majority, generally age 18 or 21. Ownership Transfers to custodial accounts are complete and irrevocable. The minor can take full control of the account when he or she reaches the age of majority, generally age 18 or 21. Taxes Custodial accounts do not provide tax deferral. Taxes are due as income is recognized/earned by the account. All income (including capital gains) is taxed to the minor, subject to kiddie tax rules (see below). Kiddie tax A tax that applies to a child s unearned income (i.e., interest and dividends). Among other conditions, the kiddie tax rules apply if: The child was under 18 years of age; The child was age 18 at the end of the tax year and the child s earned income does not exceed one-half of the child s own support for the year; or The child was a full time student under age 24 and the child s earned income is half or less of the child s support cost. Kiddie tax rate schedule (assumes no earned income) Unearned income Less than $1,050 Tax No tax $1,050 $2,100 Taxed at single taxpayer rate Greater than $2,100 Taxed at higher of parents top marginal tax rate or child s tax rate Parental election to report child s income Parents may elect to report their child s income on their tax return. By doing so, the child will not be required to file a tax return. This election can be made under certain conditions, including if: The kiddie tax applied to the child; The child s gross income is greater than $1,050 and less than $10,500 and consists solely of interest, dividends, capital gain distributions or the Alaska Permanent Fund dividends; No federal income tax was withheld from the child under backup withholding, nor estimated tax payments made; and The child does not file a joint return. Note: If a child has capital gains or losses (not capital gain distributions) the child must file his or her own return. Estimated tax payments Unless an exception applies, estimated tax for 2015 must be paid if the taxpayer expects to owe at least $1,000 in tax for 2015 after subtracting the credit for taxes withheld, and he or she expects withholding and credits to be less than the smaller of: 90% of the tax to be shown on the taxpayer s 2015 tax return, or 100% (110% if taxpayer s 2014 adjusted gross income (AGI) exceeded $150,000, $75,000 for married filing separately) of the tax shown on the taxpayer s 2014 tax return. The 2014 tax return must cover all 12 months. Advanced Planning 4

5 Due dates (for calendar year-end individuals) Installment Due date First April 15, 2015 Second June 15, 2015 Third September 15, 2015 Fourth* January 15, 2016 * A fourth installment is not required if the taxpayer files his/her 2015 tax return and pays any tax owed before January 29, Social Security, Medicare and Self-Employment Taxes Social Security and Medicare tax details Status Social Security/ OASDI* tax rate Medicare tax rate Total tax rate Employee 6.20% 1.45% 7.65% Self-Employed** 12.40% 2.90% 15.30% Assume a worker earned $150,000 of income during 2015 (multiply wage base by Social Security and Medicare rates listed above). Status Social Security/ OASDI* tax Medicare tax Total tax Employee $7,347 $2,175 $9,522 Employer $7,347 $2,175 $9,522 Self-Employed** $14,694 $4,350 $19,044 An additional 0.9% Medicare tax will be assessed on earned income over $200,000 for single taxpayers ($250,000 for married taxpayers filing jointly and $125,000 for married taxpayers filing separately). * Old age, survivor and disability insurance portion of Social Security Tax. ** Self-employed individuals may deduct one-half of the Self-Employment Tax on their income tax return. An additional 0.9% Medicare tax will be assessed on earned income over $200,000 for single taxpayers ($250,000 for married couples filing a joint return, $125,000 for married taxpayers filing separately). This 0.9% surtax when combined with the ordinary 2.9% Medicare tax equals a total 3.8% Medicare tax on earned income over the threshold. Self-employed individuals will be responsible to pay the full 3.8% tax, while those not self-employed will split the ordinary portion of the tax with their employer, thus paying 2.35% on income over the threshold. The 2015 Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) is 1.7%. The wage base for Social Security and Self-Employment Tax is $118,500. This means Social Security taxes are applicable only on the first $118,500 of earned income. There is no wage base for Medicare. This tax applies to all earned income. Social Security income thresholds Social Security benefits are taxable (up to a maximum of 85%) when provisional income exceeds a certain threshold. Provisional income generally includes adjusted gross income, plus tax-exempt interest, plus one-half of Social Security benefits. Filing status 50% tax threshold 85% tax threshold Married filing jointly $32,000 $44,000 Over $44,000 Single $25,000 $34,000 Over $34,000 Advanced Planning 5

6 Social Security earnings test The Social Security earnings test indicates the level of earnings permissible for recipients of Social Security benefits without incurring a reduction in benefits. The 2015 maximum monthly Social Security benefit is $2,663. Retiree age Earnings limitation Reduction in benefits Years prior to full retirement age Year of retirement age up to retirement month Month reaching retirement age $15,720/year $41,880/year No Limit $1 for every $2 in earnings above the limit $1 for every $3 in earnings above the limit No reduction 2015 maximum monthly Social Security benefit The maximum monthly benefit is $2,663. This benefit is for an individual who reached full retirement age in 2015 and who earned at least the maximum wage base during his or her working years. Social Security Administration contact information Entity Phone Number Website Social Security Administration Medicare Retirement plans Retirement plan contribution limits Plan type Limit 401(k)/403(b) $18,000 $6,000 IRA/ROTH IRA $5,500 $1,000 SIMPLE IRA $12,500 $3,000 SEP IRA Lesser of $53,000 or 25% of Compensation* Catch-up provision (age 50 and over) N/A * For self-employed individuals, 25% limit equals 20% of net self-employment income after deduction for self-employment taxes Advanced Planning 6

7 For 2015, maximum annual contributions to Traditional and Roth IRAs remain $5,500 for individuals under age 50. Traditional IRA vs. Roth IRA Qualifications Maximum contribution to all IRAs & ROTH IRAs Catch-up contribution Limit (Age 50 and Over) If neither individual nor spouse is a participant in an employer s plan If contributor is active participant in employer plan If contributor is not an active participant in employer s plan but spouse is Required Minimum Distribution Penalties Traditional IRA Individual or spouse must have earned income and must not be 70½ by the end of the year Roth IRA $5,500 $5,500 $1,000 $1,000 No AGI phase-out limitation. Contributions are fully deductible for individual and spouse Deduction limited by AGI phase-out limits: Married filing jointly $98,000 $118,000 Single $61,000 $71,000 Deduction limited by AGI phase-out limits: Married filing jointly $183,000 $193,000 Must begin by April 1 following year IRA owner turns 70½. (Subsequent years payment must occur by December 31) Individual or spouse must have earned income No deductions allowed for contribution Contributions are subject to AGI phase-out: Married filing jointly $183,000 $193,000 Single/HOH $116,000 $131,000 Phase out applies regardless of participation in employer plan Distributions only required after the death of the IRA owner 10% penalty may apply to early distributions for Traditional IRAs and nonqualified Roth IRAs. 6% penalty applies to excess contributions. 50% penalty applies for failure to take required minimum distributions. Advanced Planning 7

8 Beginning in 2015, a taxpayer may only make one nontaxable 60-day IRA rollover within each one-year period and may not aggregate multiple rollovers even if the rollovers involve different IRAs. These rules do not apply to trustee-to-trustee transfers. Conversions Beginning in 2010, there is no AGI limitation for conversions from a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. The taxable portion of the converted is subject to tax in the year the conversion takes place. (The election to defer tax and split over a 2-year period was ONLY for 2010 conversions). Conversions are not subject to the 10% early distribution penalty. When rolling a Traditional IRA to a different Traditional IRA account, funds must be transferred to the new account within 60 days of the rollover, otherwise the distribution will be deemed taxable. Beginning in 2015, a taxpayer may only make one nontaxable 60-day IRA rollover within each one-year period and may not aggregate multiple rollovers even if the rollovers involve different IRAs. These rules do not apply to trustee-to-trustee transfers. Taxpayers can contribute to a traditional IRA and then roll the account over to a Roth IRA to grow future earnings tax-free. These Roth IRA conversions are taxable as ordinary income in the year made, but are not subject to the additional 3.8% NIIT. Expiration of IRA distributions donated to charity provision In prior years, taxpayers age 70½ or older could exclude from gross income up to $100,000 of their qualified charitable distributions. A qualified charitable distribution is any otherwise taxable distribution from a Traditional IRA or a Roth IRA that is made directly from the IRA trustee to a qualified charity after the IRA owner has attained the age of 70½. This provision was extended for 2014 and is not currently in effect for the 2015 tax year. Employee stock options (tax characteristics) Nonqualified Stock Options (NQSOs) At the time of exercise, the difference between the exercise price and the market price (spread) is taxed as compensation income. Upon exercise, the basis is equal to the exercise price plus the of ordinary income reported (i.e., market value on the date of exercise). The stock holding period begins on the day on which the right to acquire the stock was exercised. Capital gains (or losses) apply to post-exercise appreciation (or depreciation). The spread is not treated as an adjustment item for AMT purposes. The employer must withhold all applicable income taxes (federal, Social Security, Medicare, and state and local) when the options are exercised. Incentive Stock Options (ISOs) At the time of exercise, there are no regular income tax consequences. At the time of exercise, the difference between the exercise price and the market price (spread) is an adjustment item for AMT purposes. The basis of the stock received for regular tax purposes is equal to the exercise price paid. The basis for AMT purposes is the paid plus the of the AMT adjustment. If the stock received is held for more than two years from the grant date and more than one year from the date the shares were transferred to the employee by the corporation, all appreciation after the exercise date is taxed as long-term capital gains. The holding period requirement is waived in the event of the employee s death. Options will not be treated as ISOs to the extent that the aggregate fair market value of stock, subject to options that become exercisable for the first time during any year, exceeds $100,000. Advanced Planning 8

9 An Employee Stock Purchase Plan is not a retirement plan and does not fall within the purview of ERISA. Disqualifying Disposition (ISOs) A disqualifying disposition occurs when stock received from an ISO exercise is sold or otherwise disposed of within two years of the option grant date, or within one year after the date the shares were transferred to the employee by the corporation. The spread is not treated as an adjustment item for AMT purposes if the disposition occurs in the year of exercise. In the year of disposition, the difference between the exercise price and the market price on the day of the exercise is treated as compensation income, and any appreciation above or depreciation below the market price on the date of exercise is taxed as capital gains or losses. Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPPs) The company may provide a discount up to 15% below the value of the stock. At the time of grant, the employee may not acquire the right to buy more than $25,000 of stock (annually). Special holding period: The requirement is met on the later of two years after the date of grant or one year after the employee receives the stock. Early disposition: If the stock is sold or otherwise disposed of prior to satisfying the special holding period, the taxpayer must report compensation income equal to the bargain element when the stock was purchased. Income must be reported even if the stock is sold at a loss. Special holding period satisfied: No compensation income is reported if the stock is sold at a loss. If the stock is sold at a gain, compensation income is limited to the lesser of the of profit and the difference between the value of the stock when the option was granted and the option price. The basis for ESPP stock is equal to the purchase price plus any ordinary income recognized. Note: An ESPP is not a retirement plan and does not fall within the purview of ERISA. An ESPP should not be confused with an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP). An ESOP is a qualified tax-deferred plan designed to invest primarily in employer stock. Advanced Planning 9

10 2015 Individual Income Tax Rates Individual income tax rates remain largely unchanged from 2014 to The only significant change comes from the inflation adjustments to the tax brackets. Below illustrates a comparison of 2014 and 2015 individual income tax rates for all categories of filers Married Filing Joint/Qualifying Widow(er) Married Filing Joint/Qualifying Widow(er) But not Plus % on But not Plus % on Over over Pay excess over Over over Pay excess over $0 $18,150 $0 10% $0 $0 $18,450 $ % $0 $18,150 $73,800 $1,815 15% $18,150 $18,450 $74,900 $1, % $18,450 $73,800 $148,850 $10,163 25% $73,800 $74,900 $151,200 $10, % $74,900 $148,850 $226,850 $28,925 28% $148,850 $151,200 $230,450 $29, % $151,200 $226,850 $405,100 $50,765 33% $226,850 $230,450 $411,500 $51, % $230,450 $405,100 $457,600 $109,588 35% $405,100 $411,500 $464,850 $111, % $411,500 $457,600 $127, % $457,600 $464,850 $129, % $464,850 Single Single But not Plus % on But not Plus % on Over over Pay excess over Over over Pay excess over $0 $9,075 $0 10% $0 $0 $9,225 $ % $0 $9,075 $36,900 $908 15% $9,075 $9,225 $37,450 $ % $9,225 $36,900 $89,350 $5,082 25% $36,900 $37,450 $90,750 $5, % $37,450 $89,350 $186,350 $18,194 28% $89,350 $90,750 $189,300 $18, % $90,750 $186,350 $405,100 $45,354 33% $186,350 $189,300 $411,500 $46, % $189,300 $405,100 $406,750 $117,542 35% $405,100 $411,500 $413,200 $119, % $411,500 $406,750 $118, % $406,750 $413,200 $119, % $413,200 Head of household Head of household But not Plus % on But not Plus % on Over over Pay excess over Over over Pay excess over $0 $12,950 $0 10% $0 $0 $13,150 $ % $0 $12,950 $49,400 $1,295 15% $12,950 $13,150 $50,200 $1, % $13,150 $49,400 $127,550 $6,763 25% $49,400 $50,200 $129,600 $6, % $50,200 $127,550 $206,600 $26,300 28% $127,550 $129,600 $209,850 $26, % $129,600 $206,600 $405,100 $48,434 33% $206,600 $209,850 $411,500 $49, % $209,850 $405,100 $432,200 $113,939 35% $405,100 $411,500 $439,000 $115, % $411,500 $432,200 $123, % $432,200 $439,000 $125, % $439,000 Married filing separately Married filing separately But not Plus % on But not Plus % on Over over Pay excess over Over over Pay excess over $0 $9,075 $0 10% $0 $0 $9,225 $ % $0 $9,075 $36,900 $908 15% $9,075 $9,225 $37,450 $ % $9,225 $36,900 $74,425 $5,082 25% $36,900 $37,450 $75,600 $5, % $37,450 $74,425 $113,425 $14,463 28% $74,425 $75,600 $115,225 $14, % $75,600 $113,425 $202,550 $25,383 33% $113,425 $115,225 $205,750 $25, % $115,225 $202,550 $228,800 $54,794 35% $202,550 $205,750 $232,425 $55, % $205,750 $228,800 $63, % $228,800 $232,425 $64, % $232,425 Taxable income is income after all deductions (including either itemized deductions or the standard deduction) and exemptions. Advanced Planning 10

11 Additional tax numbers, including income tax & AMT deductions and exemptions Standard deduction Married filing jointly/ qualifying widower Single Head of household Married filing separately $12,600 $6,300 $9,250 $6,300 The personal and dependency exemption is $4,000 per individual. An additional standard deduction can be claimed by filers who are over 65 or are blind. The of each additional standard deduction is $1,250 for married individuals and $1,550 for single filers. Personal and dependency exemptions The of the personal and dependency exemption is $4,000 per individual. Personal exemption phase out The Personal Exemption Phase out (PEP) remains in effect for As a taxpayer s AGI moves through the phase-out band, the allowable personal exemption is reduced from $4,000 to $0. The exemption is reduced by 2% for every $2,450 increase in AGI within the phase-out band. Married filing jointly/ qualifying widower Single Head of household Married filing separately $309,900 $432,400 $258,250 $380,750 $284,050 $406,550 $154,950 $216, itemized deduction limitation The Pease limitation remains in effect for This limits the of allowable itemized deductions for taxpayers above certain income thresholds. The allowable itemized deductions are reduced by 3% of the over the applicable threshold, not to be reduced to more than 80% of total deductions. Tax planning opportunities exist to minimize the effect of the Pease limitation. Managing the timing of state tax payments and other itemized deductions, i.e., large charitable gifts, can be useful tax planning tools. Itemized deduction limitation threshold Married filing jointly/ qualifying widower Single Head of household Married filing separately $309,900 $258,250 $284,050 $154,950 Advanced Planning 11

12 Gifts of appreciated property to a public charity are deductible up to 30% of AGI and gifts to a private foundation are deductible up to 20% of AGI. Charitable contributions Contributions to qualified organizations are tax deductible up to either 50% or 30% of the taxpayer s AGI (subject to the Pease limitation mentioned above). Qualified organizations should be able to identify if they qualify as a 50% or 30% charity. Contributions to any individual person are considered gifts and are not deductible. See pages 14 and 15 for gift tax consequences. Appreciated property is valued at the current fair market value on the date of transfer. Gifts of appreciated property to a public charity are deductible up to 30% of AGI and gifts to a private foundation are deductible up to 20% of AGI. Acknowledgement letters should be kept for any charitable contribution exceeding $250. Charitable contributions in excess of AGI limitations can be carried forward for up to five years. Charitable contributions expire upon death. These deductions belong to the individual who incurred them and cannot be transferred to a surviving spouse upon death Alternative Minimum Tax exemption Married filing jointly/ qualifying widower Single Married filing separately Estates and trusts $83,400 $53,600 $41,700 $23, standard mileage rates Mileage rate Business $0.56 per mile $0.575 per mile Medical and moving $0.235 per mile $0.23 per mile Charitable $0.14 per mile $0.14 per mile 2015 trust and estate income tax rates Over But not over Pay Plus % on excess over $0 $2,500 $ % $0 $2,500 $5,900 $ % $2,500 $5,900 $9,050 $1, % $5,900 $9,050 $12,300 $2, % $9,050 $12,300 $3, % $12,300 Advanced Planning 12

13 2015 health and education items Item Direct payment on tuition and medical expenses Tax impact/requirements Unlimited gift tax exclusion for another individual s tuition expenses (not including room, board and books) and/or unreimbursed medical expenses. Must be paid directly to the educational institution/ medical provider (and not be reimbursed). 529 Plans Allows for gift-tax free contributions of $14,000 annually with the ability to front-load the gift tax annual exclusion for up to 5 years in the first year (ie: up to $70,000 in one year). Coverdell Educational Savings Plans The limit on annual aggregate annual contributions is $2,000 per beneficiary. American Opportunity Tax Credit for Higher Education Expenses Qualified tuition deduction Interest paid on qualified higher education loans Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) Eligible long-term care premiums This limit is phased out for individual contributors with modified adjusted gross income (AGI) between $95,000 $110,000 and joint filers with modified AGI between $190,000 $220,000. Maximum credit is $2,500 per eligible student per year. Phased out at modified AGI between $80,000 $90,000 for single filers and $160,000 $180,000 for those married filing jointly. Tax credit extended through Provision expired in The maximum deductible of $2,500 phases out ratably for single taxpayers with modified AGIs between $65,000 $80,000 and $130,000 $160,000 for those married filing jointly. The maximum annual HSA contribution s are $3,350 for individuals with single coverage and $6,650 for individuals with family coverage. For 2015, the deduction limitations regarding eligible long-term care premiums are: Age attained before close of the taxable year Limitation on premiums 40 or less $380 Over 40 but not over 50 $710 Over 50 but not over 60 $1,430 Over 60 but not over 70 $3,800 Over 70 $4,750 Advanced Planning 13

14 IRS contact information Entity Phone number Website IRS General Information National Taxpayer Advocate Taxpayer-Advocate- Service-6 Gift and estate taxes 2015 gift tax annual exclusion The 2015 gift tax annual exclusion is $14,000 ($28,000 for married couples who elect gift-splitting) to any person (other than gifts of future interests in property). This is not included in the total of taxable gifts made during the year. In 2015, the first $147,000 of gifts to a spouse who is not a citizen of the U.S. is not included in the total of taxable gifts made during the year. Recipients of gifts from certain foreign persons may be required to report these gifts if the aggregate value of gifts received in 2015 exceeds $100,000. Summary of transfer tax rates and exemption s Calendar year Highest gift tax rate Highest estate tax rate Generation skipping tax rate Lifetime gift tax exclusion Estate tax exemption Lifetime GST exemption % 50% 50% $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,100, % 49% 49% $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $1,120, % 48% 48% $1,000,000 $1,500,000 $1,500, % 47% 47% $1,000,000 $1,500,000 $1,500, % 46% 46% $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $2,000, % 45% 45% $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $2,000, % 45% 45% $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $2,000, % 45% 45% $1,000,000 $3,500,000 $3,500, * 35% 0% 0% $1,000,000 N/A $5,000, ** 35% 35% 35% $5,000,000 $5,000,000 $5,000, % 35% 35% $5,120,000 $5,120,000 $5,120, % 40% 40% $5,250,000 $5,250,000 $5,250, % 40% 40% $5,340,000 $5,340,000 $5,340, % 40% 40% $5,430,000 $5,430,000 $5,430,000 * Note that estates of decedents dying in 2010 had a choice: The default regime Apply the retroactively reinstated 35% estate tax rate with a $5M exemption. The carryover basis regime Apply a zero estate tax rate with a limited step-up in basis available to shelter $1.3 million of gains, and an additional $3 million of gains on property passing to a surviving spouse. ** Beginning in 2011, portability allows a surviving spouse to elect to take advantage of the unused portion of the estate tax exclusion of his or her predeceased spouse. Advanced Planning 14

15 Form of asset ownership and estate tax results How property is titled Individual ownership Tenancy by entirety Joint tenancy Tenants in common Community property Subject to probate % included in decedent s estate Basis adjustment Who inherits property Yes 100% 100% Beneficiary of choice No 50% 50% Surviving spouse No Up to 100%* Up to 100%* Other joint tenant Yes % Owned % Owned Beneficiary of choice Yes 50% 100% Beneficiary of choice How property is transferred By will or intestacy By operation of law By operation of law By will or intestacy By will or intestacy * If the joint tenants are U.S. citizen spouses, then 50% of the property is included in the deceased spouse s estate (with certain exemptions for real property owned jointly and purchased before January 1, 1977). Thus, 50% of the property receives a new cost basis. (See table above for rules concerning community property). If the joint tenants are not spouses or are not U.S. citizens then 100% is included in the estate of the first to die unless the survivor can show that he/she contributed towards the acquisition of property. The basis adjustment will be proportional to the percentage included in the decedent s estate estate and gift tax exemption and credit Exemption Tax credit Transfer by lifetime gift $5,430,000 $2,113,800 Transfer via estate at death $5,430,000 $2,113,800 In 2015, portability allows a surviving spouse to elect to take advantage of the unused portion of the estate tax exemption of his or her predeceased spouse. The tax credit offsets estate or gift tax liability incurred during one s lifetime and at death. The exemption represents the dollar of assets that would result in an estate or gift tax equal to that of the credit. In 2015, portability allows a surviving spouse to elect to take advantage of the unused portion of the estate tax exemption of his or her predeceased spouse. The predeceased spouse s executor must make a timely election to take advantage of this exemption. Portability does not apply to the Generation Skipping Transfer Tax exemption or to state estate tax exemptions. Basis and holding period of property received as a gift Was the fair market value (FMV) of the stock at the time of the gift less than, equal to, or greater than the donor s adjusted basis? If equal to or greater than the donor s adjusted basis, the recipient s basis will be the donor s basis, increased by a portion of any gift tax paid on the gift. If less than the donor s adjusted basis, the recipient s basis will depend on whether there is a gain or loss when the stock is ultimately sold. If the stock is later sold at a gain, the basis will be the donor s adjusted basis. If the stock is later sold at a loss, the basis will be the FMV at the time of the gift. No gain or loss will be recognized if the stock is later sold for an that is less than the donor s basis but greater than the FMV of the stock on the date of the gift. Advanced Planning 15

16 Note: For gifted property, the donee s holding period generally includes the donor s holding period. Basis and holding period of property inherited upon death The holding period for property acquired from a decedent is generally long-term regardless of how long the decedent or the recipient actually held the property. For assets included in the gross estate, the income tax basis of property acquired from a decedent at death is generally stepped up (or stepped down) to its value as of the date of the decedent s death (or the estate tax alternate valuation date, if elected). This guide is for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon as a primary resource on the topic discussed and is not intended as a basis for decisions in specific situations. Because of the complexities involved with developing estate and tax planning strategies, experienced legal and tax counsel should be consulted before implementing a strategy. UBS Financial Services Inc. and its affiliates do not provide legal or tax advice. This material is not intended to be used, and cannot be used or relied upon, by any taxpayer for the purpose of (i) avoiding penalties under the Internal Revenue Code, or (ii) promoting, marketing or recommending to another party transaction or tax-related matter(s). Clients should consult with their legal and tax advisors regarding their personal circumstances. Important information about Advisory & Brokerage Services As a firm providing wealth management services to clients, UBS is registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as an investment adviser and a broker-dealer, offering both investment advisory and brokerage services. Advisory services and brokerage services are separate and distinct, differ in material ways and are governed by different laws and separate contracts. It is important that you carefully read the agreements and disclosures UBS provides to you about the products or services offered. For more information, please visit our website at ubs.com/workingwithus. We offer both investment advisory and brokerage services, each of which is separate and distinct, differs in material ways, and is governed by different laws and separate contracts. We offer financial planning as an investment advisory service. This service terminates when the plan is delivered to the client. Note that financial planning does not alter or modify in any way the nature of a client s UBS accounts, their rights and our obligations relating to these accounts or the terms and conditions of any UBS account agreement in effect during or after the financial planning service. Clients are not required to establish accounts, purchase products or otherwise transact business with us to implement any of the suggestions made in the financial plan. Should a client decide to implement their financial plan with us, we will act as either a broker-dealer or an investment adviser, depending on the service selected _S UBS The key symbol and UBS are among the registered and unregistered trademarks of UBS. All rights reserved. UBS Financial Services Inc. is a subsidiary of UBS AG. Member FINRA/SIPC.

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