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1 Annual Report

2 In 2011, Brot für die Welt received 56.3 million euros in donations and collections a fantastic mark of confidence. We thank everyone involved! 2 Annual Report 2011

3 Contents Cornelia Füllkrug-Weitzel, Director of Brot für die Welt Editorial Dear Reader, the year 2011 has seen developments of enormous impact: in the Arab Spring a whole region demanded participation. The European debt crisis made us wonder, if our economic management is done in the proper way. And due to the nuclear disaster in Japan the call for an energy turnaround could no longer be ignored. In view of such epochal events unfortunately the fate of those faded from the spotlight, who are still enduring persecution and violence, who are still suffering from hunger or the pandemic HIV/Aids issues without a news value, but also without sustainable solutions. Brot für die Welt steadfastly remains with heart and soul at the side of the people, whose fate does not move the global public. We continue to ask uncomfortable questions on fighting poverty and violence, about prevention of violence and non-violent conflict resolution through participation and justice. We try to provide short and long-term solutions with words and deeds, not only by responding immediately in emergencies. Our long-term planned projects also help small farmers in permanently yielding better crops. And last but not least: we demand political answers, for instance, to the land grabbing in the Global South, where small farmers increasingly lose their fields to major corporations. We are all in the same boat. Let us act accordingly! Editorial 3 Report of the Board of Directors 4 Projects 8 World Map 8 Projects according to Countries 10 Food Security 12 Health 14 Human Rights and Peace 16 HIV/AIDS 18 Emergency Aid 20 Campaigns and Advocacy 22 Climate Policy 22 Public Relations 24 Advertising 24 Finances 27 Annual Accounts 27 Source of Funds / Income 28 Use of Funds / Expenditure 29 Organisation 30 About Us 30 Bodies 32 Organisational Chart 33 Co-operation and Network 34 Imprint 35 Reverend Cornelia Füllkrug-Weitzel Director of Brot für die Welt 3

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5 Report of the Board of Directors In 2011, ten million people in East Africa were threatened by famine. In six countries at once (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti) people were suffering from a seemingly endless drought. With gratitude we have registered the great willingness of our donors not only to support the emergency aid, but also the sustainable crisis prevention in the region. In Somalia, the emergency aid was provided on large-scale by our partner organisation DBG, one of the few local aid organisations that have worked successfully and fruitfully in the crisis-stricken country for many years. The organisation, that is supported by Brot für die Welt as well as by its sister Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, puts into practice what both organisations seek the connection of humanitarian aid and sustainable development cooperation. In Ethiopia and Kenya we also succeeded in completing the emergency aid with long-term measures in areas surrounding the refugee camps, thus ensuring survival on a sustainable basis: with the expansion of water engineering projects and agricultural adjustment measures development work has been strengthened in the periphery of the drought zones. In the Mogadishu refugee camp a women hopes for help for her starving child. 5

6 Report of the Board of Directors The amount of donations is proof of the deep trust in our work Finances Not least thanks to the fantastic spontaneous support for the distressed people in East Africa in 2011 Brot für die Welt received more than 56 million euros from donations and collections an amount above the long-time average and a proof of our donors deep trust in our work. The fact that all the same the donation result remained considerably behind the one of the year before (62,1 million euros) must be mainly attributed to the decline in donations through our alliance Development Works. While in 2010, in the aftermath of the natural disasters in Haiti und Pakistan altogether 8.2 million euros could be raised via the alliance, in the 2011 East Africa drought donations only reached just under two million euros. This is the main reason for the decline in total receipts of Brot für die Welt by approximately eight per cent to 67.0 million euros (previous year: 73.1 million euros). Fewer legacies also had a part. However donations for our normal work remained at a high level! Impact Orientation This past year Brot für die Welt had started to analyse its projects even more systematically regarding their impact. By means of the indicators introduced in early 2011 we have provided the basis for a forceful comparison between the goals set and the actually accomplished, and can thus account for success or failure of our projects. In doing so we pursue the objective to continuously improve our work as well as the work of our partner organisations. Implementing impact orientation in everyday work has been advanced with the development of work tools as well as numerous successful measures for partner qualification on all continents. Gender Equality The guidelines and procedures developed by Brot für die Welt to advance gender justice in the projects actually do contribute to an economic, legal, and political empowerment of women. Men increasingly question their traditional role and look for new ways of cooperation. This is the result of an external assessment of the implementation of gender justice strategies in the work of Brot für die Welt issued in 2o11. However, it likewise shows that there are still a lot of obstacles to the equal co-existence of women and men not only traditions and culturally rooted practices, but also political crises, armed conflicts, economic decline and corruption. Hence Brot für die Welt emphatically continues to advocate gender equality. Land for Living In 2011, campaigns and public relations of Brot für die Welt focused on conflicts concerning the use of land. Thus the motto of the 53rd fundraising campaign that started on the first Sunday in Advent 2011 is called Land for Living Grounds for Hope. The worldwide increasing demand for biomaterials and agricultural products that can be used for the generation of energy has aggravated the competition for agricultural production land in many countries. More and more areas are used for the cultivation of fodder and energy crops. As a result, the poor and marginalised often suffer from land expropriations, changes in use and surging food prices. A new climate policy is indispensable on behalf of the poor Climate Protection In 2011, the emission of harmful greenhouse gases has increased more than ever before. Given that climate change aggravates hunger and produces an ever-growing army of climate refugees, Brot für die Welt advocates systematic climate protection and financial support for the climate change mitigation efforts of poor countries and populations. In discussions in the German Bundestag partners from South Africa and the Pacific Rim stated that a more decisive climate policy is a matter of life and death for them. They and other partner organisations from countries affected in particular by climate change moreover participated together with Brot für die Welt in joint ecumenical lobby efforts during the Climate Summit in Durban, South Africa. The concerns of the most affected were emphasised with very professional specific proposals vis-à-vis the conference participants. Anyone who makes demands from others should set a good example himself: thus Brot für die Welt aims to reduce and to offset emissions with harmful effects to the climate in everyday work as far as possible. Our staff hence makes business trips within Europe in general by train. Inevitable air travel and the resulting emissions are compensated through the Klima- Kollekte a carbon offset fund that has been cofounded by Brot für die Welt. Another proof for the great efforts of Brot für die Welt regarding climate and environmental protection is the EMAS certificate it has received. Refugees At its autumn meeting the superior decision-making body of Brot für die Welt and Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, the Diakonische Konferenz 6 Annual Report 2011

7 (Diaconical Conference) has looked into the Geneva Convention (United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees) on the occasion of its 60th anniversary. Besides the achievements of the convention the Diaconical Conference also pointed to the considerable protection gaps that exist, for instance, for internally displaced persons. Moreover it specified current challenges to the protection of people that emerged due to new forms of forced migration, for instance, as a result of climate change. The human rights protection of refugees from and in developing countries is a central aim of Brot für die Welt and Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe. In addition to a refugee policy in harmony with the human rights the Conference demanded the establishment of a permanent resettlement scheme for refugees. In mid-december 2011 the Conference of German federal and state Ministers of the Interior fortunately decided to introduce such a programme in Germany. Ethical Investment The interest investors showed in the FairWorldFonds developed with Brot für die Welt criteria has exceeded expectations by far even in the first year. In September 2011, the fund volume crossed the 75 million euros limit for the first time. That shows the growing sensitivity of investors, who are no longer willing to put up with any risk for justice and peace. In 2011, the catalogue was expanded by exclusion and positive criteria for (business) development banks, which follow the same standards that apply for companies too. Activities in the areas nuclear power and genetic engineering result in disqualification as well as financing projects that involve human rights violations and ecologic damages. Already in 2010 reports by the Tunisian civil rights movements about the grievances there led to the exclusion of government bonds from the dictator-ruled, but yet for many investors economically attractive country the right decision, as the developments in 2011 have shown. and cost savings. Under the umbrella of the new agency the two relatively independent constituent organisations Brot für die Welt Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst (Bread for the World Evangelical Church Development Service) and Diakonie Deutschland Evangelischer Bundesverband (Diaconia Germany Evangelical Federal Association) will join forces in advocating the poor and the marginalised in Germany and the world. On June 16, 2011, the Diakonische Konferenz and the General Meeting of the EED agreed with no dissentient to the statutes and bodywork of the new agency. The fusion of Brot für die Welt and EED bring about a completion of the development cooperation toolbox and may allow a multiplication of the political impact of our work. Both are of enormous advantage in terms of supporting our partner organisations. Currently, procedures, standards and courses of action in the new agency are determined in order to create synergies. In the summer of 2012 the legal merger will take place, and for October 2012 the move from Stuttgart (Brot für die Welt) and Bonn (Church Development Service) to Berlin is planned. Fusion between Brot für die Welt and EED near completion Fusion and Removal Within the course of 2012 the Social Service Agency/Diakonische Werk of the EKD, to which Brot für die Welt belongs, and the Church Development Service (EED) will merge into the Evangelisches Werk für Diakonie und Entwicklung (Evangelical Agency for Diaconia and Development). In doing so, they follow the wish of the Evangelical churches in Germany that expect more political clout A Somali refugee boy waits for his food ration. 7

8 Projects 968 Projects in worldwide 73 countries 95 international Projects 242 Projects in 17 Latin American countries an Latin America and Carribe le, Chi zil, Bra via, Argentina, Boli a, Cub, Rica Columbia, Costa ala, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatem ua, arag Nic Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru 8 Annual Report 2011

9 29 Europe and Central Asia Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Serbia, Projects in 8 Europe and Central Asia countries Ukraine Asia and Pacific Rim Bangladesh, China, India, Ind onesia, Israel, Cambodia, Laos, Leb anon, Nepal, Pakistan, Palestinian territor ies, Papua New Guinea, Pacific Islands, Philipppines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam Projects in 17 Asia and Pacific Rim countries Projects in 31 African countries Africa Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Bur undi, Cameroon, Chad, Dem. Rep. Congo, Egy pt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gui nea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mosambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swasiland, Tan zania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zim babwe In these countries Brot für die Welt provides aid. 9

10 Projects Projects according to Countries In 2011, Brot für die Welt funded 968 projects all over the world with the total amount of 46.3 million euros. As in previous years the regional focus was on Africa, where we funded most projects (328) and used most funds (14.7 million euros). In Asia and the Pacific Rim we funded 274 projects with 13.8 million euros, in Latin America and the Carribean 242 projects with 9.2 million euros. Key issues were ensuring food security (F), promoting education and health (E), overcoming violence (V) as well as fighting HIV and AIDS (H). Region Country Expenditure in EUR Number of Projects Key Issues Africa supranational H, V Angola V, F Benin F Burkina Faso F, E, H Burundi H Cameroon V, F, E, H Chad V, F, E Dem. Rep. Kongo F, V, H, E Egypt E, F Ethiopia F, E, V Somalia E, H South Africa E, H, V, F Sudan E, V Swaziland V, H, F Tanzania F, E, V, H Togo V, H Uganda E, F, V Zambia F, H, V Zimbabwe E, H, V Total Ghana* Guinea F, E Kenya F, E, H Lesotho F, H Madagascar* Malawi* Mali F, E Mosambique V, F, H Namibia* Niger F, V Nigeria* Rwanda F Sierra Leone F, E, H Europe and Central Asia supranational V Armenia H, V Belarus E Bosnia and Herzegovina F, E Georgia E, V Kyrgyzstan E, V Russia H, V, E Serbia E, V Ukraine H, V, E Total * In these countries Brot für die Welt only or primarily funds projects spearheaded by the EED. 10 Annual Report 2011

11 19,8 % Latin America and Carribean 16,2 % International Projects 2,6 % Europe and Central Asia Africa 328 Asia and Pacific Rim 274 Latin America and Carribean 242 International Projects 95 Europe and Central Asia 29 29,7 % Asia and Pacific Rim 31,7 % Africa Projects in 2011 according to continents in absolute numbers Project funding in 2011 according to continents in relative numbers Asia and Pacific Rim Latin America and Carribean supranational V, E Bangladesh F, V, E Cambodia* China* India V, E, F Indonesia V, E, F Israel V Laos F, E, V Lebanon E, V Nepal* Pacific Islands F, V, E Pakistan F, E Palestinian territories E, V Papua New Guinea F, V, E Philippines F, V, E Sri Lanka V, F Thailand V Vietnam E, F, V, H Total supranational V, H Argentina E, F, V Bolivia F, V, E Brazil F, V, E Chile* Columbia V, E Costa Rica F, E, V Cuba F, E, V Ecuador F, V El Salvador V, F Guatemala F, V Haiti E, F Honduras F, E Mexico F, V Nicaragua F, V, E Panama F, E Paraguay E Peru F, V Total International Projects Total E, V 11

12 Projects Food Security More than 900 million people in the world do not have enough to eat. Fighting hunger is the key issue of the work of Brot für die Welt. Together with our partner organisations in the countries of the Global South we support the families of small farmers in their everyday struggle for survival. We show them how an adjusted and diversified agriculture allows them to get more of their soils in the long term, and environmentally compliant so. We take a stand in the national and international arena for more trade justice and the right to food. And we vehemently oppose the increasing land grabbing by large corporations and states. In 2011, Brot für die Welt funded altogether 303 food security projects million euros were earmarked for that. 12 Annual Report 2011

13 Project Report Ethiopia Yielding better crops with water and assiduity In Ethiopia the Konso people are known for their assiduity. And the coarse and rugged hands of Kale Godana tell a tale of hard work. But in the end all her pain had been more and more in vain, tells the mother of nine: The grains simply withered. While during her youth drought years were rather an exception, lately they have become the rule. Thus the people in the village of Geldaha in South Ethiopia often only had one meal per day, if at all until a project of the Church Mekane Yesus turned the tables. Despite the still persisting aridity Kale Godana now yields crops like never before in her life: Last season I reaped 32 sacks of corn. That is more than the big family needs for food: now the small farmer can sell her surpluses at the nearby market. And the beneficiaries are her children, for whom Kale Godana buys new clothing with the profit. The improved situation is due to a large-scale irrigation project organised by the Church Mekane Yesus, an amalgamation of the Lutheran and reformed churches in Ethiopia. Traditionally the farmers could use the lowland with the Yanda River just as pasture for their thin cattle, because only in the two annual rainy seasons the riverbed has water then, however, quite a lot. Financially funded by Brot für die Welt engineers measured the valley, planned six concrete dams as well as a canal net attached to that thus the water is used in the best way. The locals did not want anything for free, stresses project coordinator Toraito Kussia, a native himself: the farmers dug all in all almost 100 kilometres of canal with their hands. By now they can cultivate corn on 5,850 hectares of land. Owing to the project s immense success another 1,100 hectares are planned. In the end we will secure directly and indirectly the food of about 100,000 people, says the coordinator. But the project was about more than just irrigation technique, Toraito Kussia explains: We are talking about a rural development programme with many facets. Obviously the dams and channel have brought the biggest short-term changes: now people have enough to eat and can send their children to school. But even more is going on. For instance, now people start to organise themselves in cooperatives. Thus the Kale Godana (top) takes pride in her corn crop. Owing to the new irrigation system (bottom) it turns out much higher than before. farmers get a better price for their products. Together they open bank accounts, into which they frequently deposit money so as to allow maintenance to be carried out at dams and canals. Likewise irrigation allows small farmers the important diversification of the farm products: Previously people almost exclusively grew corn and sorghum, explains Toraito Kussia. We want them to expand their production for a healthy alimentation, and not to depend on one crop plant. By now, there are also growing several fruit varieties besides sesame, beans, yams and pumpkins. In a tree nursery of the project Kale Godana has fetched some banana plants. Now she plans to plant fruit trees: In the past I did not know mango, papaya and oranges at all, because it was simply too arid here. Kale Godana admits that she had been sceptical when the Church Mekane Yesus initiated the irrigation project. But now I am happy that our village participated. And almost every day I am in the field with my hoe pulling up weeds. Every time I see the sprouting corn it gives me joy. Because then I know that my family will have enough to eat. In a nutshell Within the scope of the project almost 100 kilometres of irrigation channels were dug. Thus 5,850 hectares of land were made fertile. Now 100,000 people have enough to eat. Project holder Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (EECMY) Amount of Funding 2011: 62,526 euros 2012: 31,263 euros 13

14 Projects Health In the countries of the Global South 72 in 1,000 children do not live to see their fifth birthday. The death of most of them could be avoided if only their parents had access to safe drinking water, sanitary facilities and basic health care. And if they knew more about hygiene and other prevention options. Hence Brot für die Welt supports projects, in which people are informed about the causes of diseases and ways of preventing them especially in rural regions and urban slums. Because here is the greatest need. Health care projects are assigned to the key issue Access to Basic Services, which also includes educational projects. In 2011, Brot für die Welt supported altogether 288 projects in this sector with 10.1 million euros. 14 Annual Report 2011

15 Project Report Guatemala Mother and child are both doing well The ancient mobile phone of Thelma Maxlatz rings: once again she is called to a birth, this time there are even twins. She arrives just in time: entering the hut the midwife sees that the boy does not breathe. Immediately she gives him rescue breathing and cleans him up. Shortly afterwards the baby starts to cry and Thelma smiles relieved. Then she attends the newborn girl and the mother, Josefa Quej, who is fainting repeatedly. She brews a basil tea for her, which slowly brings about the desired effect. The condition of the mother is stabilising. If it had not been for Thelma only the girl would have survived, Josefa Quej says some time later in Poqomchí, a Mayan language spoken in the central highland of Guatemala. Josefa Quej is 31 years old and this has not been her first birth. Three of her children died almost immediately after being born. In part that was due to the fact that the traditional midwives, who assisted Josefa in her homebirths, lacked a working knowledge of medicine. In Guatemala almost seventy in thousand children do not live to see their fifth birthday. Above all in the countryside and in the slums in the periphery of the big cities people are suffering from a chronic undersupply in health. A great part of the population here has no access at all to the health sector, says Hugo Icú, physician and head of the Association of Communal Health Services, ASECSA. We advocate that even in the remotest village there is at least one person, who can take care of the health issues of the population. Nine years ago Thelma Maxlatz trained as a midwife with Brot für die Welt partner ASECSA in the village of Tamahú, after she herself had lost a child during birth. I thought, if I get a training my own children will survive and the children and mothers in the neighbourhood too, she says. ASECSA is an association of 59 local organisations all across Guatemala. They train midwives and health counsellors; they establish community pharmacies, conduct educational campaigns on HIV and Aids. We work especially in regions, where no government authorities are present. There we have our health promoters, our midwives, and our traditional naturopaths. We attach great importance to adjusting our health service to the ethnic culture, says head of ASECSA Icú. Thelma Maxlatz is midwife with heart and soul. Before ASECSA handed her over the little bag with the tweezers, scissors, muslin bandages, drugs and rubber gloves, Thelma Maxlatz attended school for two years, three days the week. She studied with physicians and experienced midwives. The training had not been easy for her, she remembers. Six years in primary school had hardly taught her reading and writing. Plus her husband had often been jealous. Even to this day he sometimes grumbles when she leaves the house to hurry along narrow paths to a mud hut, where a baby is born. Because generally it takes many hours until she returns. She receives no money from the government for her services. Sometimes the parents give me 25 or 50 quetzales, says Thelma Maxlatz: the equivalent to two or four euros. I am not asking for money. I can see in how dire conditions they are living. That also holds true for Josefa und Mauricio, the parents of the newborn twins they can only offer her a thank-you. But Thelma does not mind. To make a living she embroiders and sells huipiles, the colourful traditional garments worn by Mayan women. She regards her work as a midwife as a service to community. In a nutshell At the current stage the project provides a vocational midwifery training for 48 women and an advanced training for 72 already practicing midwives. 20 midwives and female health promoters are additionally trained as HIV/Aids counsellors. Approximately 20,000 people in 114 communities all across Guatemala benefit from that. Project holder Asociación de Servicios Comunitarios de Salud (ASECSA) Amount of Funding 2011: 64,300 euros 2012: 48,200 euros 15

16 Projects Human Rights and Peace In 2011, 38 extremely violent conflicts have shaken the world. Though religion is often used as a pretext: the main reason for conflict is access to and control of resources. Moreover social injustice, poverty and hunger are threatening peace and security, forming the matrix for new conflicts. It is important to deprive them their breeding-ground by promoting democracy, developing a living civil society and taking a stand against discrimination. Justice is the key and crucial requirement for peace: in these terms Brot für die Welt promotes in many countries worldwide people and organisations that stand up against violence and for human rights often putting their own life on the line. In 2011, we supported our courageous partners in altogether 287 projects with funds amounting to 10.2 million euros. 16 Annual Report 2011

17 Project Report Russia Giving women a voice Rima Scharifullina, 46, has a voice that can hardly be ignored. A fact the lawyer and economist proves every time she takes to the streets of Saint Petersburg to demonstrate. Russian gas and oil provide us neither with money nor with bread, she shouts into the loudspeaker. The government will not solve the problems of the women we must do it ourselves. Rima enunciates every single word at full volume; her fist rises to the sky. Merely seconds later 50 women and a handful of men join her chorus. Twelve years ago Rima Scharifullina founded the organisation EGIDA, which is supported by Brot für die Welt since The mission: helping women to obtain their rights. That applies in particular to labour law. In a black suit Scharifullina represents mothers in court, who were laid off during their pregnancy. Frequently her work has to do with the payment of social allowances young mothers are entitled to. The social fund that manages the money is supposed to pay it to the employers. These in turn should give the maternity leave payments to the employees. But instead they are friskily pointing the finger of blame at each other: while the social fund claims that it has transferred the money to the employers, the latter maintain that they have never received the money from them. It must be feared that the young mothers will come away empty-handed. The Russian legislation is not familiar with the term discrimination, Rima Scharifullina explains. That is, discrimination of women at work is not acknowledged. In the aftermath of the Perestroika the traditional role model experienced a revival. Under President Vladimir Putin (who re-assumed office on 7 May 2012) the slogan ran: women, get back in the kitchen! With the collapse of public childcare professional life and motherhood have become almost mutually exclusive. Single mothers lose their competitive power and are forced to accept non-qualified, bad paid, and often hard manual, including dangerous work. Not to mention the many women, who do not find work. The number of women and mothers afflicted by unemployment and poverty is correspondingly high they make up two thirds of all unemployed people in St. Petersburg. With the latest global economic crisis the situation of women has deteriorated even further. Especially Rima Scharifullina (pictured top right, bottom left) advocates the rights of women in Russia with verve. women who are pregnant or have children under the age of three are made redundant, because the employers are not willing to pay the allowances prescribed by law. Many women are not even aware that their statutory rights have been violated. Or they do not have the money to proceed against employers and authorities. Rima Scharifullina and EGIDA provide free legal assistance: So far we have been able to help more than 2,000 women to improve their material situation and gain some self-confidence. Word has gotten out about this option and often the demand for legal counselling is by far more than Scharifullina and the other three lawyers of the organisation can accomplish. But too much work does not scare away Rima Scharifullina. She says: I try to help women, who fight for their rights. And it makes me happy, when I succeed to improve their living conditions. In February 2011, EGIDA founded the association Women s Voice, which organised on March 8 the rally Strong Woman Strong Country. 200 female executives from various organisations and companies participated, and demanded something outrageous: a female quota of 30 per cent in politics and in the top floors of economy. In a nutshell Over 2,000 women in difficult living conditions have already received support. At the current project stage 18 self-help groups have been founded, monitored by trained coaches. Project holder EGIDA Amount of Funding 2011: 32,227 euros 2012: 22,500 euros 17

18 Projects HIV/AIDS 34 million people are living with HIV and AIDS worldwide. True, in many African countries the number of new infections is declining. But even so almost three million people are newly infected with the virus every year. And in other regions, where so far mainly high-risk groups had been affected, the virus now increasingly spreads among the population as a whole for instance in Southeast Asia. Brot für die Welt and its partner organisations raise awareness and help people who are concerned. We take a stand against exclusion and exchange moral condemnation for acts of solidarity. As a founder member of Action against AIDS we lobby for more funds in fighting HIV and AIDS as well as for access for everyone concerned to life-saving drugs. Last year Brot für die Welt funded 101 projects in fighting HIV and Aids. All in all 3.2 million euros have been made available for that. 18 Annual Report 2011

19 Project Report West-Papua Educational work for prostitutes Tina and Lea, two young prostitutes are sitting on the mottled mattress of a sordid bordello. They live and work in a windowless shack. The old newspapers making up for wallpaper are moulding on the walls. Do they use condoms at work? Hardly ever, Lea admits shyly. Most of the punters refused to use them. Many of them have heard about HIV and AIDS, but they believe that it will not hit them, explains the social worker John Maurids Suebu. Just a few years ago the 32-year old man from the remote market town in the Indonesian province West Papua knew only little about the immunodeficiency. That changed all of a sudden when he learned that his nephew Ismail had become infected with HIV: That was a shock for the whole family. Suebu decided to get more information about the disease: I did not want other families to make the same experience. Suebu contacted the local relief organisation Yayasan Pengembangan Kesehatan Masyarakat (YPKM) that conducts outreach work in West Papuan towns and rural communities to spread public knowledge of the immunodeficiency s risks. He attended courses and began to make house calls to patients with HIV and Aids. For four years now Suebu is the head of an YPKM outpost in Wamena, 40 minutes by air from his hometown Sentani. There he counsels prostitutes and coaches volunteers, who conduct HIV/AIDS education among friends and acquaintances. YPKM, the Association for Health and Community Development was founded in 1996, following a dramatic increase of HIV infections in West Papua, the western peninsula of the island of New Guinea. In 1992, there were merely six cases and by 2010 already 4,745. Following the detachment from the former Dutch Indies West Papua was assigned in 1969 to the Indonesian archipelago. The transmigration programme sponsored by the Indonesian government moved about 800,000 Indonesians into the country. The transmigrants appropriated the land, and international companies the substantial natural resources. Many thousands of Papuans were turned off their land. The work migration, a lack of awareness and the deficient health system contributed to the rapid spreading of the lethal virus. Social worker John Maurids Suebu counsels two young prostitutes (top). Annik Srihartini (bottom) used to be a hooker. Today she works for YPKM. The YPKM health programme addresses specifically women, who earn their living as prostitutes and their clients. Moreover volunteers, church members and vicars are trained so that they can inform pupils, church groups, politicians and council workers about the distribution of HIV as well as encourage the population to get HIV tested and to use condoms. Traditional dances are used to reach those people who cannot read. In addition to that YPKM also offers intensive medical and psychosocial care for people living with HIV and AIDS. And in the port of Jayapura the association operates a small clinic and a hospice. During the hour in which Suebu is talking to the two young prostitutes, five clients drop in, who are shunned by the owner of the brothel come back later, she tells them. You can visit me anytime in my office, when you have questions or need condoms, Suebu promises the young women. Before leaving he gives them some money to compensate the loss of earning due to their talk. It shall not be to your disadvantage when you inform yourselves, says Suebu. And next week we will make a HIV test, okay? In a nutshell With its educational work the project reaches about 750 persons from high-risk groups (for instance prostitutes and street children). 75 vicars (women and men) receive further training, and 120 people with AIDS are treated as in-patients. Project holder YPKM Amount of Funding 2011: 27,904 euros 19

20 Projects Emergency Aid Last year, nearly four million people in Kenya needed food aid. In the countries lying on the Horn of Africa seasonal rains have been interrupted for several consecutive seasons. When in 2011 the rains largely failed again, the situation aggravated even further. Natural disasters like the East Africa drought destroy just like civil wars and armed conflicts long-term development efforts, obstructing temporarily regular project work. Hence, when it is a matter of life and death, the partner organisations of Brot für die Welt also provide emergency aid. They know best which kind of support people need. In helping to alleviate the most desperate need they already prepare the ground again for a sustainable improvement of the living conditions of the population, so that in the long run emergency aid will not be necessary any more because development is the best disaster prevention. 20 Annual Report 2011

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