Baker. Get Tough DUI Laws: Short-term Solutions to Long-term Problems. Guy Baker

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Baker. Get Tough DUI Laws: Short-term Solutions to Long-term Problems. Guy Baker"

Transcription

1 Get Tough DUI Laws: Short-term Solutions to Long-term Problems By Guy Baker 1

2 Introduction There has been much debate over our Nation s problem of drunk-driving and what could be done to abate the problem. Suggestions have been made and policies have been enacted. One such policy lies in the belief that if the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level is lowered, from.10 to.08, it will serve as a general and specific deterrent for would be drunk-drivers. The latter policy will be examined throughout this piece to determine if an affect has occurred in four states (Illinois, Texas, Washington, and Idaho) that have lowered their legal per se BAC limitation to.08. Additionally, two states (Colorado and Michigan) have been chosen that have not lowered their allotted BAC limits for operating a motor vehicle as of the end of fiscal year A time series analysis has been constructed on the six chosen states for the period of fiscal year 1994 through fiscal year Effectiveness of the before mentioned policy will be measured by alcohol related traffic accident fatalities for each state. It is important to note that the data collected left out assumed alcohol-related traffic fatalities. Further, the data deals with the driver of the vehicle and not the state of the passengers or pedestrians. All too often we assume that when alcohol was found in the vehicle at a crash site the accident was caused by alcohol. It is also important to mention that fault is very hard to determine and this study in no way attempts to place fault on any specific variable. In addition, policies have been enacted in conjunction with other policies. Therefore, it is hard to determine the actual policy responsible for decreases, or increases, in the problem at hand. For example, states have lowered their allotted BAC level in addition to raising the cost for committing such a crime. Penalties range from automatic 2

3 license revocation to ignition interlock systems to jail time, all of which could lead to decreases in alcohol related traffic fatalities. Before the policy s effectiveness can be deciphered, it is important to understand the rationale for the implementation of the policy. While different states have their own justification for lowering the legal BAC limit from.10 to.08, a general history of the rationale for implementing the new policy will be discussed. Rationale for Policy Change Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) has put the pressure on policy makers to change legislation for more than twenty years. MADD raises awareness for the problem of drunk driving and the path of destruction it leaves behind. Further, MADD acts as an activist on behalf of the victims of drunk-driving accidents, pushing for policy reforms at the local, state, and national level. The National Commission Against Drunk Driving (NCADD) compiled statistics stating that more than 17,000 Americans die each year in alcohol-related traffic crashes (2004). According to NCADD, 41 percent of all traffic crashes are alcohol-related. NCADD went even further to report that someone dies in an alcohol-related traffic crash every 30 minutes. The National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) have compiled their own set of statistics. It was found that about three in every ten American s will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic crash at some point in their lives (NHTSA, 2001) 1. Drunk-driving is the Nation s most frequently committed violent crime, killing someone every 30 minutes (NHTSA, 2003) 2. 1 As found on the NHTSA web page, As found on the NHTSA web page,

4 Federal officials have threatened to cut 4% of highway grants to any state that has not lowered the allotted BAC level to.08 by the end of FY 2004 (Nasser, 2003). The cuts increase as years pass, but states will be reimbursed for the full amount as long as the lowering occurs before It would appear that states are being blackmailed in to lowering their per se limit. Yet, MADD s director of public policy states, we don t care if that s the motivation. We just know the law will save lives (Nasser, 2003). In a meta-analysis conducted by the NHTSA (2000), 112 studies conducted from 1981 to 1998 relating to driving behaviors and blood alcohol concentration levels were focused on. This meta-analysis found that twelve behaviors necessary for safe driving were impaired at a range of blood alcohol levels. The twelve behaviors included: divided attention (affected at a.005 level), vigilance (affected at a.03 level), tracking (affected at a.005 level), perception (affected at a.07 level), visual functions (affected at.03 level), cognitive tasks (affected at a.06 level), psychomotor skills (affected at a.04 level), choice reaction time (affected at a.06 level), critical flicker fusion (affected at a.10 level), aftereffects (affected at a.05 level), and wakefulness (affected at a.10 level). The conclusions based on this study were that, with the exception of simple reaction time and critical flicker fusion, all driving related skills showed impairment by a.07 level. Additionally, at BACs of.05, 34 percent of the studies reported impairment, and at BACs of.08, 94 percent of the studies reported impairment (2000). Due to the overwhelming evidence, all pointing in a similar direction, states began to develop legislation that would change the allotted BAC level to.08. Yet, this change did not come without controversy. Policy Implications 4

5 Challengers of the legislature point out that most of the DUI related fatalities are connected with driver BAC levels over.15 (NHTSA, 2000). Therefore, this policy seems to infringe on the rights of individuals who drink moderate amounts of alcohol and then choose to drive themselves home. The implications are even larger when one realizes that approximately 1.6 million American s are arrested for DUIs each year. In Addition, implications exist for the hospitality industry that thrives on the sale of alcohol. It has been argued that the legislation only drives down their sales with little effect on the amount of fatalities and that the level is so low that it can naturally only affect social drinkers (Voas et al., 2000). It is easy to imagine that such a policy could lead to an increase in arrests for DUI offenders, whether affecting the fatality rate or not, leading to an over-burdened cj system. Although, the NCADD claims that the legislation will not overburden our cj system. Literature Review The literature is torn on the effectiveness of get tough policies such as.08 per se. In a study conducted on the effectiveness of California s.08 per se implementation, Rogers (1997) found that the new laws were highly effective in reducing subsequent accidents and recidivism among DUI offenders, regardless of whether the offenders were convicted of their offenses. Further, Rogers claimed that reduction magnitudes ranged from 19.5% to 37.1% (1997). Consequently, Rogers only obtained data for one year prior to the enactment of the law and one year thereafter. Thus, Rogers did not allow for enough time for a trend to emerge. The DUI rate could have been on the way down prior to the enactment, and I assume that the rate increased the following year. 5

6 A review of the literature by Ross (1985) 3 revealed that laws that increase the perceived certainty of punishment have short-term effectiveness. The.08 per se legislation that lowers the allotted BAC level from.10 to.08 is no exception. Maskowitz (1989) 4 also determined that drunk-driving deterrence laws have little effect on behavior. In a survey administered to policy makers in California, the population surveyed recognized that problems were created by tough laws, specifically jail crowding (Kinkade, Leone, and Welsh, 1995). Further, three unintended consequences grew out of the new DUI legislation: an increase in court workloads; an increase in the need for special programs and facilities to deal with the DUI; and a strain on corrections was the third adverse impact created out of tough DUI legislation in California. All of the before mentioned costs of enacting a get tough policy to curb DUIs and the destruction that follows them would be well worth it if the policy saved lives. Short term impacts are not deemed a success in the grand scheme of things. If lowering the per se standard to.08 for every state would save 500 lives a year, as the federal government claims, the policy would be well justified. It will be determined later if this policy is deemed a success. Findings As noted earlier, six states were dissected to determine the effectiveness of lowering the per se BAC level to.08, as measured by alcohol related traffic fatalities. The six states in question were Illinois (enacted.08 per se 7/2/97), Texas (enacted.08 per se 9/1/99), Washington (enacted.08 per se 1/1/99), Idaho (enacted.08 per se 7/1/97), Colorado (remains at.10 per se), and Michigan (was at.10 per se as of fiscal year 2002). 3 As found in Chaloukpa et al., As found in Chaloukpa et al.,

7 Remember, these findings are for the drivers of the vehicles that were involved in fatal traffic accidents, and that fault of the accident could not be determined in every case. Measurement The six states chosen were done so for strategic purposes. First, data was only available from 1994 through The four experimental states all enacted their legislation in between the dates that the data were available. Further, the four states enactment dates fell somewhere in the middle of the allotted dates, allowing for time for a trend to develop, before and after their enactments. Secondly, I wanted to choose states that had similar characteristics along with states that had opposite characteristics. For instance, Texas is nothing like Idaho, but Idaho has some similarities to Illinois, and Washington may have similar characteristics to all three states, depending on your perspective. Lastly, Colorado and Michigan were chosen because they too compare and contrast to the other states chosen. Not to mention that the states without the.08 per se legislation were scarce. Once chosen, the data was collected. It would not provide an accurate depiction of the problem if raw data were used 5. Therefore, I extracted the number of cases in which the driver was either drinking or on drugs, and divided those numbers by the total number of traffic accident fatalities for each state by year ( ). Further, out of those individuals who had been drinking, their BAC level was determined and those who were over the legal BAC for their state were also graphed as > legal BAC. Although it was not graphed, a breakdown of the 5 Raw numbers do not allow for an accurate depiction of a trend. Rates or percentages, on the other hand, give a visual of how big the actual problem is. For example, if I were to say that the number of alcohol related traffic fatalities has risen each of the last five years it does not control for the fact that the overall number of traffic fatalities could have more than doubled. Yet, if rates are calculated we can see how big the problem is in comparison to the bigger picture. For instance, if I were to say that the rate of alcohol related traffic fatalities increased by twenty percent you would know that the rate increased independently of the overall trend. 7

8 drivers involved in fatal traffic accidents was separated by BAC level at the national level, and attached in the appendix. Figure 1 Illinois Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Illinois Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC.08 BAC Year Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC Figure 1 6 displays the alcohol and/or drug related traffic fatalities for Illinois from 1994 through As you can see, Illinois enacted their.08 per se BAC limit in In 1994, Illinois had 2,120 fatal traffic accidents. The top line represents fatal traffic accidents in which the driver of one of the vehicles involved had alcohol or drugs in his/her system. This occurred at a rate of 23.3/100 fatal traffic accidents. The middle line represents cases in which the driver of one of the vehicles involved was found to only have alcohol in his/her system. Drivers who had alcohol only in their system where involved in fatal traffic accidents at a rate of 20.0/100 in The bottom line breaks down the population even further by determining the BAC of the driver. The > legal BAC variable means that the driver was over the legal driving BAC limit for that state, 6 All raw data was provided from Responsibility In DUI Laws, who obtained the data from the Fatal Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Rates were then calculated and projected on to six (6) graphs. 8

9 which is important because these are the drivers that the new legislation is targeting. In 1994, 16.7 out of every 100 fatal traffic crashes involved a driver who was illegally operating his/her motor vehicle, drawing a far different picture than the 41% claimed by NCADD 7. This becomes a problem once you realize that the majority of people who hear that 41% of traffic fatalities are alcohol related will buy in to that and push for policy change. For the purpose of this piece, drivers operating their vehicles over the legal BAC will be focused on in detail for all the sites, since law breakers are who we are interested in 8. So, from 1994 until the new legislation was adopted in 1997 there was a 14% increase in the rate of drivers who were over the legal BAC and involved in a fatal traffic accident. If the new law was effective, we should see a decline after the law was enacted. Instead, what we see is the postponement of the current increase, which is almost as good as a decline as long as the rate does not increase again in a couple of years. But, when examined further it becomes known that the policy change did not take place until 7/2/97, which is more than half way through the year. Thus, the postponement happened independently of the policy implementation. Therefore, measures are taken from 1998 through 2002 to decipher the change in rate that could be attributable to the.08 per se legislation. When this was done, it was found that there was a 12% increase in the rate at which individuals involved in fatal traffic accident were driving over the legal BAC for Illinois, from 19.1 to 21.4 per By no means is this piece attempting to belittle the problem of drunk-driving. It is merely pointing out the fact that the problem needs to be addressed differently than the get tough movement addresses it. 8 It would be tedious to breakdown all three variables, therefore, I will only break down percentage change for the > legal BAC variable. Doing so allows for a clear depiction of whether the policy targets who it sets out to target, and if the policy has had the desired affect on that population. 9

10 Overall, findings from Illinois do not support the policy reform. In fact, increases rather the decreases in the rate at which individuals involved in fatal traffic accidents were operating their vehicle over the legal per se BAC was the finding. On the other hand, the reform appeared to slow the rate at which the increase was taking place, though not significantly. Figure 2 Texas Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Texas Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC.08 BAC Year Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC Figure 2 displays alcohol and/or drug related traffic fatalities for Texas, from FY 1994 through FY From the rates for all three categories were rapidly declining, 44% for the > legal BAC category. Again, the vertical line represents the enactment of the.08 per se legislation. Yet, the reform did not take place until 9/1/99, which is nearly the end of the year. Therefore, it would appear that the trend was on the way down, after a slight increase in 1998, before the legislation was implemented. If the policy had the desired deterrent affect we would see the decrease accelerate. Instead, what we see is the decrease in the trend start to slow down and begin an upward trend in 10

11 the opposite direction. If rates are measured from FY 1999 until the end of the decline in 2001, Texas yielded a reduction of 27.1%, 14.0 to 10.2 respectively. Since the.08 per se did not begin until the 9 th month of 1999, I used the 2000 data to determine effectiveness. From FY 2000 through FY 2002 the rate for > legal BAC actually increased by 7.1%, from a rate of 11.2 to 12.0 per 100 fatal traffic crashes. Thus, the.08 per se legislation had an acute deterrent affect followed by an increase in the rate, leading to a trend in the opposite direction. Figure 3 Washington Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Washington Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC.08 BAC Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC Year Figure 3 represents findings from Washington. As you can see, Washington remained steady from Washington s.08 per se legislation was enacted on 1/9/99; therefore, FY 1999 was used to calculate percentage change. From FY 1994 through FY 2002, the rate of drivers involved in fatal traffic accident who were over the legal BAC limit only increased by 5%. Additionally, from the time of the enactment, FY 1999, through FY 2002 there was a 5.4% increase in the rate, from 22.1 to

12 respectively. Thus, the.08 per se legislature had no real affect on the rate at which drunk-drivers, as measured by their BAC being over the legal limit, were involved in fatal traffic crashes. Minor fluctuations can be seen, yet, not enough to warrant discussion. Figure 4 Idaho Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Idaho Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC.08 BAC Year Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC On its face, Idaho s.08 per se legislation appears to have an immediate affect in all three categories. From FY 1997, when the policy was enacted, to FY 1998 there was a 25% decrease in the rate of > legal BAC drivers involved in fatal crashes, 20.0 to 15.0 respectively. The affect that resulted after the enacted was a significant affect, even though the enactment did not take place until 7/1/97. But one year later the policy reform saw increases to the earlier rates before the policy change. In fact, the 25% decrease was followed by a 25% increase over the next two years. Was the policy a success? Is an acute decrease followed by an increase considered a success? The latter topic will be further discussed in the Overall Findings section. 12

13 Colorado (control state) Figure 5 Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Colorado Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC Year Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC Colorado is one of the remaining few states that have yet to change their allotted BAC from.10 to.08. As seen in figure 5, fluctuations in all three categories have happened over the years. As many of us know, random fluctuations are inevitable and can be attributed to numerous factors. The overall trend is the trend of importance here, rather than year to year. From FY 1994 through FY 2002, the rate for individuals involved in fatal traffic crashes who were also over the legal BAC has fallen by 22.0%, from a rate of 23.0 to 18.0 respectively. As compared to the previous states that have enacted the.08 per se legislation, Colorado s fluctuations are not as drastic. Thus, raising the question, what would have happened had those states done nothing to their policy? Obviously this question cannot be answered, but it is valid nonetheless. Allow us to look at another control state and breakdown those trends. 13

14 Michigan (control state) Figure 6 Alcohol Related Traffic Fatalities by Driver's Condition for Michigan Rate per 100 of the Total Traffic Fatalities BAC Year Alc/Drg Alc Only > Legal BAC Michigan s trends are somewhat similar to Colorado s trends, lacking extreme fluctuations. As seen in figure 6, the rates began at 14.4 and ended at 13.0 for the > legal BAC group, which is a decrease of 9.7%. Thus, raising another question, is there a reason that these control states have not reformed their policy? Perhaps Colorado and Michigan have had no need to get tough on drunk drivers. The latter statement will also be addressed in the next section. Overall Findings Although some states saw reductions in rates immediately following the implementation of the.08 per se legislation, Texas and Idaho, the reductions were immediately followed by increases. For example, Texas saw a reduction of 27.1%, some would argue, followed by an increase. Idaho saw similar results, concluding that the.08 per se legislation provides a short term solution to a long term problem. Yet, for two of 14

15 the experimental states, no solution, short term or long, was yielded from the policy reform. Actually, in the case of Washington, rates increased directly following the implementation of the.08 per se legislation. So, should we deem these acute reductions found in some sites a success? I would argue no, it is not a success. Short term reductions, which could be attributed to a host of variables, should not be deemed as a success. For instance, the reductions could have been caused by an increase in hospitals, or an increase in vehicle safety ratings, a decrease in roadway conditions, whether passengers were wearing seatbelts, and the list goes on. None of the latter possibilities are the subject of this paper, but important points to consider nonetheless. Perhaps Colorado and Michigan lacked the need to get tough on drunk-driving by lowering the allotted BAC. The latter argument could hold true for Michigan, who had a mean rate of for the > legal BAC category, as compared to the states who enacted the.08 per se with a mean rate of On the other hand, Colorado had a mean rate of , which is higher than the mean rate for the four experimental states that fell at Therefore, it could not be argued convincingly that the states that have yet to enact the policy reform have not had the need to do so. Additionally, the findings from the four states with.08 per se legislation were not significant enough to guide policy. On the other hand, the result could guide future policy, but the policy would be to raise the allotted BAC back to the previous position of.10. Conclusion 9 Means rates where calculated for the < legal BAC group only, and included all rates before the policy reform. Thus, results from the policy reform were not factored in to the calculated rates. 15

16 The findings presented above do not support the justification of.08 per se legislation. When rates were lowered as a result of the enactment of lowering the allotted BAC to.08 the rate began to increase within the following year or two. For instance, the second largest reduction was seen in Idaho, 25.0%, directly followed by increases of 25.0% over the following two years. The data speaks for itself, reductions, if any, were immediately followed by increases in the rates of drivers who were involved in fatal traffic accidents while over the legal BAC for that state. Additionally, the legislature seems to target the social drinker rather than the driver who operates his/her motor vehicle over the allotted BAC for that state. The NCADD, MADD, and NHTSA all quote the annual death figures for alcoholrelated traffic fatalities at around 17,000. Yet, when passengers, pedestrians, and BAC are controlled for the numbers end up around 11,000 per year. The 11,000 figure is the figure that should guide policy; after all, the 11,000 group is the one that we need to be targeting. Clearly someone who has a beer and then drives home is not of our concern. Too often our policies are guided by misinformed information, leading to harmful aftereffects for the individuals who should not be burdened by the policy, in this case the social drinker. As noted before, get tough policies provide short term solutions to long term problems See appendix 1, Table A. 16

17 Appendix 1 Table A Illinois (7/2/97)=.08 Texas (9/1/99)=.08 Washington (1/9/99)=.08 Idaho (7/1/99)=.08 Colorado.10 Michigan.10 Percent Change for > legal BAC Rates by State % Change from FY 1994 FY 2002 % Change from.08 Enactment through FY 2002 % Change from Year After.08 through 2002 % Change from.08 Enactment through the following year 28.1% Increase 13.0% Increase 12.0% Increase 0.5% Increase 34.1% 14.3% 7.1% Increase 20.0% Decrease Decrease Decrease 5.0% Increase 5.4% Increase 1.3% Increase 4.1% Increase 30.0% Increase 29.0% Decrease 5.0% Decrease 25.0% Decrease 22.0% N/A N/A N/A Decrease 9.7% Decrease N/A N/A N/A 17

18 References Chaloupka, Frank, Henry Shaffer, and Michael Grossman Alcohol-Control Policies and Motor-Vehicle Fatalities. The Journal of Legal Studies. 22: Foley, Denis. (1986). Stop DWI. Lexington Books: Lexington, Massachusettes, Toronto. Pp Homel, Ross. (1988) Policing and Punishing the Drunk Driver: A Study of General and Specific Deterrence. Springer-Verlag New York Inc. Pp Kinkade, Patrick, Mathew Leone, and Wayne Welsh Tough Laws: Policy Makers Perceptions and Commitment. The Social Science Journal. 32: Moskowitz, Joel The Primary Prevention of Alcohol Problems: A Critical Review of the Research Literature. 50 J. Stud. Alcohol 54. Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Nasser, Haya El. (2003, January 10). Road Funding Drives States to Toughen DUI Laws. USA Today. National Commission Against Drunk Driving (NCADD) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) A Review of the Literature on the Effects of Alcohol at BACs of.08 and Lower. Technology Transfer Series. Responsibility In DUI Laws (RIDL) Rogers, Patrice The specific deterrent impact of California s 0.08% blood alcohol concentration limit and administrative per se license suspension laws, vol. 2. California DMV. CA: Sacramento 18

19 Ross, Laurence Deterring Drunken Driving: An Analysis of Current Efforts. 10 J. Stud. Alcohol 122. Voas, Robert B.; Peter Roeper, Linda Padilla-Sanchez, and Ruth Esteban A longterm community-wide intervention to reduce alcohol-related traffic injuries: Salinas, California. Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy. 7:(1)

House Bill 128, Amendments to

House Bill 128, Amendments to Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice Utah Justice Research Brief October 2004 Child Endangerment and Driving Under the Influence Mike Haddon, Julie Christenson & Jace Garfield House Bill 128,

More information

Evaluating the Effectiveness Of California s Ignition Interlock Program

Evaluating the Effectiveness Of California s Ignition Interlock Program Evaluating the Effectiveness Of California s Ignition Interlock Program Interlocks Prevent 1,9 Drunk Driving Incidents Per Month in California December 21, 215 Since the California pilot program began,

More information

Ignition Interlocks are Proven and Effective in Reducing OWI Recidivism

Ignition Interlocks are Proven and Effective in Reducing OWI Recidivism John Vose Wisconsin Leadership Chair Mothers Against Drunk Driving Before the Assembly Public Safety Committee In Support of Assembly Bill 283 2 June 2009 Introduction Thank you Mr. Chairman and members

More information

DUI Penalties: The Effectiveness of Pennsylvania s Drinking and Driving Laws. Keri Ritter CJCR 300. In 2003, a study surveyed 6,002 United

DUI Penalties: The Effectiveness of Pennsylvania s Drinking and Driving Laws. Keri Ritter CJCR 300. In 2003, a study surveyed 6,002 United DUI Penalties: The Effectiveness of Pennsylvania s Drinking and Driving Laws Keri Ritter CJCR 300 In 2003, a study surveyed 6,002 United States citizens in which 97% of people expressed that they feel

More information

Trends in Impaired Driving in the United States: Complacency and Backsliding?

Trends in Impaired Driving in the United States: Complacency and Backsliding? Trends in Impaired Driving in the United States: Complacency and Backsliding? K. Stewart 1 and J. Fell 2 1 Safety and Policy Analysis, International, 3798 Mosswood Drive, Lafayette, CA 94549, USA; 2 Pacific

More information

To: Commission From: Christopher Cavaiola and Laura C. Tharney Re: Title 39 Driving while intoxicated Date: July 11, 2011 M E M O R A N D U M

To: Commission From: Christopher Cavaiola and Laura C. Tharney Re: Title 39 Driving while intoxicated Date: July 11, 2011 M E M O R A N D U M To: Commission From: Christopher Cavaiola and Laura C. Tharney Re: Title 39 Driving while intoxicated Date: July 11, 2011 M E M O R A N D U M Various officials have asked the Commission to consider revising

More information

Enforcement of Zero Tolerance Laws in the United States

Enforcement of Zero Tolerance Laws in the United States Enforcement of Zero Tolerance Laws in the United States 1 S.A. Ferguson, 1 M. Fields, and 2 R.B. Voas 1 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia, USA 2 Pacific Institute for Research

More information

Drunk Driving in the United States: A Roadmap for Progress

Drunk Driving in the United States: A Roadmap for Progress Drunk Driving in the United States: A Roadmap for Progress J. H. Hedlund and A. T. McCartt Preusser Research Group, Trumbull, Connecticut, USA Abstract The study investigated why drunk driving in the United

More information

dad had 0.26 alcohol level Police: Blood test revealed Fifth DUI Results in Injuries to Children drunken-driving convictions

dad had 0.26 alcohol level Police: Blood test revealed Fifth DUI Results in Injuries to Children drunken-driving convictions Man charged in fatal accident had suspended license, 3 prior drunken-driving convictions - Journal Inquirer Man faces his 12th DUI - Cincinnati Enquirer Fifth DUI Results in Injuries to Children - The

More information

Drunk Driving Accident Statistics

Drunk Driving Accident Statistics Drunk Driving Accident Statistics Drunk Driving Legal Resources Drunk Driving Laws by State Video - Rights of Injured Drivers Defective Car Products & Parts Steps to Take After a Car Crash Auto Accident

More information

Ignition Interlocks: Every State, For Every Convicted Drunk Driver

Ignition Interlocks: Every State, For Every Convicted Drunk Driver Ignition Interlocks: Every State, For Every Convicted Drunk Driver In 2013, 10,076 people were killed in crashes caused by a drunk driver with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of.08 or greater. General

More information

Legislative Analysis EXTEND SUNSET KEEPING 0.08 BAC AS "PER SE" LEVEL FOR INTOXICATION OR IMPAIRMENT

Legislative Analysis EXTEND SUNSET KEEPING 0.08 BAC AS PER SE LEVEL FOR INTOXICATION OR IMPAIRMENT Legislative Analysis EXTEND SUNSET KEEPING 0.08 BAC AS "PER SE" LEVEL FOR INTOXICATION OR IMPAIRMENT Mary Ann Cleary, Director Phone: (517) 373-8080 http://www.house.mi.gov/hfa House Bill 4093 as enrolled

More information

PENALTIES AND FINES FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG RELATED DRIVING OFFENSES IN NEW YORK STATE

PENALTIES AND FINES FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG RELATED DRIVING OFFENSES IN NEW YORK STATE PENALTIES AND FINES FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG RELATED DRIVING OFFENSES IN NEW YORK STATE Offense Mandatory Fine Maximum Jail Term Mandatory Action Against Your License DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED OR WHILE ABILITY

More information

Legislative Fiscal Bureau One East Main, Suite 301 Madison, WI 53703 (608) 266-3847 Fax: (608) 267-6873

Legislative Fiscal Bureau One East Main, Suite 301 Madison, WI 53703 (608) 266-3847 Fax: (608) 267-6873 Legislative Fiscal Bureau One East Main, Suite 301 Madison, WI 53703 (608) 266-3847 Fax: (608) 267-6873 April 24, 2003 Joint Committee on Finance Paper #773 0.08 Prohibited Alcohol Concentration Law (DOT

More information

NEBRASKA DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (DUI) LAW

NEBRASKA DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (DUI) LAW NEBRASKA DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE (DUI) LAW (If convicted of DUI in Nebraska the following penalties will apply.) Revised February 2012 Class W Misdemeanor First Offense - 28-106 & 60-6,197.03 (1) 60

More information

Combating Drink Driving: The Next Steps The Views of the Automobile Association. Summary

Combating Drink Driving: The Next Steps The Views of the Automobile Association. Summary Combating Drink Driving: The Next Steps The Views of the Automobile Association Summary * Drinking and driving is perceived by the great majority of AA members and drivers in general as inexcusable and

More information

Drunk Driving: The Teen Killer. from being stationed in Iraq for two years. When the time comes for him to arrive home, instead

Drunk Driving: The Teen Killer. from being stationed in Iraq for two years. When the time comes for him to arrive home, instead ID # 126508 1 ID # 126508 Teacher Senior Project 4 April 2008 Drunk Driving: The Teen Killer Imagine a wife and mother who has been looking forward to her husband s homecoming from being stationed in Iraq

More information

An Analysis of Idaho s Kootenai County DUI Court

An Analysis of Idaho s Kootenai County DUI Court An Analysis of Idaho s Kootenai County DUI Court AN ALCOHOL TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR PERSONS ARRESTED FOR THEIR SECOND DUI OFFENSE OR BAC OF 0.20% OR HIGHER Prepared for National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council UNITED NATIONS E Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL ECE/TRANS/WP.1/2006/3 5 January 2006 Original: ENGLISH ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE INLAND TRANSPORT COMMITTEE Working Party on Road Traffic

More information

June 2006 Dear Traffic Safety Partners: The Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Safety is pleased to provide you with a copy of the 2003 Wisconsin Alcohol Traffic Facts book.

More information

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web 98-33 STM CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Drunk Driving: Should Each State Be Required to Enact a 0.08 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Law? Updated March 27, 1998 Paul F. Rothberg

More information

The Impact of Lowering the Illegal BAC Limit to.08 in Five States in the U.S.

The Impact of Lowering the Illegal BAC Limit to.08 in Five States in the U.S. The Impact of Lowering the Illegal BAC Limit to.08 in Five States in the U.S. Delmas Johnson and James Fell NHTSA, NTS-20, 400 Seventh St SW, Washington, DC 20590, USA ABSTRACT It is illegal per se to

More information

How Safe Are Our Roads?

How Safe Are Our Roads? How Safe Are Our Roads? Annual Data Report on the Impact of Drunk Driving on Road Safety in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Region December 2010 A Look at Regional and National Figures Regional Totals

More information

conservative study showed drunk drivers getting on the road an average of 87 times before the first arrest. iii

conservative study showed drunk drivers getting on the road an average of 87 times before the first arrest. iii Frank Harris State Legislative Affairs Manager Mothers Against Drunk Driving Before the Senate Public Safety Committee Testimony in Support of the Erin Swezey Act or Senate Bill 529 24 February 2011 Thank

More information

Effects of all-offender alcohol ignition interlock laws on recidivism and alcohol-related crashes

Effects of all-offender alcohol ignition interlock laws on recidivism and alcohol-related crashes Abstract Effects of all-offender alcohol ignition interlock laws on recidivism and alcohol-related crashes Anne T. McCartt and Angela H. Eichelberger, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety William A.

More information

DWI Conviction Penalties. Penalty Overview

DWI Conviction Penalties. Penalty Overview Penalty Overview As your Attorney, I will work to have your DWI charge dismissed or have you found not guilty. If DWI conviction penalties, such as a fine or jail time, are incurred, we will work together

More information

The Nation s Top Strategies to Stop Impaired Driving. Introduction

The Nation s Top Strategies to Stop Impaired Driving. Introduction The Nation s Top Strategies to Stop Impaired Driving Introduction NHTSA addresses traffic safety problems with a comprehensive range of approaches, including a focus on education and advising families

More information

An Evaluation of Michigan s Repeat Alcohol Offender Laws: Executive Summary

An Evaluation of Michigan s Repeat Alcohol Offender Laws: Executive Summary UMTRI-2002-23a An Evaluation of Michigan s Repeat Alcohol Offender Laws: Executive Summary David W. Eby, Lidia P. Kostyniuk, Helen Spradlin, Krishnan Sudharsan, Jennifer S. Zakrajsek, and Linda L. Miller

More information

BIA INDIAN HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAM FY2016 IMPAIRED DRIVING ADJUDICATION COURT APPLICATION

BIA INDIAN HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAM FY2016 IMPAIRED DRIVING ADJUDICATION COURT APPLICATION SECTION A: General Information. This section must be completed for all applicants. Name of Tribe: Address : City: State: Zip: Telephone Number: Fax Number: Name of Person Completing Application: Title:

More information

A GUIDE TO SUSPENSION & REVOCATION OF DRIVING PRIVILEGES IN NEW YORK STATE

A GUIDE TO SUSPENSION & REVOCATION OF DRIVING PRIVILEGES IN NEW YORK STATE DEFINITIONS sus.pen.sion n 1: Your license, permit, or privilege to drive is taken away for a period of time before it is returned. You may be required to pay a suspension termination fee. re.vo.ca.tion

More information

RUlES & GOVERNMENT REPORT OF THE CHIEF LEGISLATIVE ANALYST. DATE: May 23, 2008. Honorable Members of the Rules and Government Committee FROM:

RUlES & GOVERNMENT REPORT OF THE CHIEF LEGISLATIVE ANALYST. DATE: May 23, 2008. Honorable Members of the Rules and Government Committee FROM: REPORT OF THE CHIEF LEGISLATIVE ANALYST DATE: May 23, 2008 TO: FROM: SUBJECT: Honorable Members of the Rules and Government Committee Gerry F. Miller Ci,~ fj Chief Legislativ Analyst Council File No.:

More information

www.centurycouncil.org D r u n k D r i v i n g

www.centurycouncil.org D r u n k D r i v i n g State of www.centurycouncil.org D r u n k D r i v i n g Fatalities in America 2 0 0 7 Chairman The Honorable Susan Molinari Board of Directors Bacardi U.S.A., Inc. Beam Global Spirits and Wine, Inc. Brown-Forman

More information

SAFER JOURNEYS. DISCUSSION DOCUMENT Have your say on our next road safety strategy AUGUST 2009

SAFER JOURNEYS. DISCUSSION DOCUMENT Have your say on our next road safety strategy AUGUST 2009 22 SAFER JOURNEYS DISCUSSION DOCUMENT Have your say on our next road safety strategy AUGUST 29 11 Reducing the impact of alcohol/drug impaired driving What is the problem? Alcohol/drug impaired driving

More information

Drinking and Driving

Drinking and Driving 244 East 58 th Street, 4th Floor New York, NY 10022 212-269-7797 212-269-7510 Fax www.ncadd.org NCADD POLICY STATEMENT Drinking and Driving Preamble A significant percentage of drinking drivers are suffering

More information

DON T DO IT. How Impaired Driving Can Wreck Your Life FOTOLIA

DON T DO IT. How Impaired Driving Can Wreck Your Life FOTOLIA DON T DO IT How Impaired Driving Can Wreck Your Life DON T DO IT HISTORY A 100-Year Problem In the states, the first drunk-driving law was passed in New York in 1910. Other states followed suit, eventually

More information

The Effectiveness of a New Law to Reduce Alcohol-impaired Driving in Japan

The Effectiveness of a New Law to Reduce Alcohol-impaired Driving in Japan Original Article The Effectiveness of a New Law to Reduce Alcohol-impaired Driving in Japan JMAJ 49(11 12): 365 369, 2006 Takashi Nagata,* 1 3 David Hemenway,* 4 Melissa J Perry* 5 Abstract Objectives

More information

Impaired and Distracted Drivers: A continuing dilemma. Sgt. Thomas Neve Ofc. Alan Haywood

Impaired and Distracted Drivers: A continuing dilemma. Sgt. Thomas Neve Ofc. Alan Haywood Impaired and Distracted Drivers: A continuing dilemma Sgt. Thomas Neve Ofc. Alan Haywood Impaired and Distracted Drivers National and state statistics Proposed legislation and initiatives on the federal,

More information

Blunt Truth Conference. Debbie Weir MADD CEO

Blunt Truth Conference. Debbie Weir MADD CEO Blunt Truth Conference Debbie Weir MADD CEO Mission Moment Honoring Victims Emma Longstreet 2014 Mothers Against Drunk Driving Telling Victim Stories 2011 Mothers Against Drunk Driving Who We Are Founded

More information

Who Should Read This? Your Driving Record. The cost of DUI. Bottom line: It s not worth the risk.

Who Should Read This? Your Driving Record. The cost of DUI. Bottom line: It s not worth the risk. Who Should Read This? Your Driving Record Anyone who thinks a DUI is no big deal All Montana drivers Parents of young drivers Employers Educators Health professionals On average, each year on Montana s

More information

I. FIRST DUI OFFENSE VEHICLE CODE 23152

I. FIRST DUI OFFENSE VEHICLE CODE 23152 I. FIRST DUI OFFENSE VEHICLE CODE 23152 VC 23536 WITHOUT PROBATION Jail: CAVEAT: 96 hours to 6 months (48 hours are continuous unless it interferes with work) None required; however, DMV will not reinstate

More information

Conference Summary Report

Conference Summary Report Conference Summary Report 2013 SOUTHERN C ONNECTICUT C ONFERENCE ON THE P REVENTION OF A LCOHOL-I MPAIRED D RIVING: THE CROSSROADS OF TECHNOLOGY AND PRACTICE 1 The 2013 Southern Connecticut Conference

More information

Mobilization August 20 - September 6, 2010 FACT: FACT:

Mobilization August 20 - September 6, 2010 FACT: FACT: High-visibility enforcement is vital to the Drunk Driving. Over the Limit. Under Arrest. mobilization. Studies show that the majority of Americans consider impaired driving one of our nation s most important

More information

Facts About New York s.08 BAC Standard for Drunk Driving

Facts About New York s.08 BAC Standard for Drunk Driving Facts About New York s.08 BAC Standard for Drunk Driving New York State STOP-DWI Foundation What is the.08% Standard for Driving While Intoxicated? Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) is defined as the level

More information

You and the Drinking Driving Laws

You and the Drinking Driving Laws Page 1 of 7 You and the Drinking Driving Laws WHY ARE PENALTIES FOR DRINKING AND DRIVING SO STRICT? Drinking and driving is a hazardous combination. CONSIDER THESE FACTS: One third of the fatalities in

More information

DUI Treatment Program Services

DUI Treatment Program Services DUI Treatment Program Services 1 History of DUI Treatment Services In 1978 the California Legislature mandated development of programs that would be designed to: reduce the high level of recidivism of

More information

Field Evaluation of a Behavioral Test Battery for DWI

Field Evaluation of a Behavioral Test Battery for DWI September 1983 NHTSA Technical Note DOT HS-806-475 U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Field Evaluation of a Behavioral Test Battery for DWI Research and Development

More information

SENATE COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY Senator Loni Hancock, Chair 2015-2016 Regular

SENATE COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY Senator Loni Hancock, Chair 2015-2016 Regular SENATE COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SAFETY Senator Loni Hancock, Chair 2015-2016 Regular Bill No: SB 61 Hearing Date: March 24, 2015 Author: Hill Version: March 11, 2015 Urgency: No Fiscal: Yes Consultant: MK Subject:

More information

A Review of Research on Vehicle Sanctions in the U.S.A.

A Review of Research on Vehicle Sanctions in the U.S.A. A Review of Research on Vehicle Sanctions in the U.S.A. Levy, MM 1 ; Frank, JF 1 1 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC, USA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

More information

Significant Laws in Oregon Traffic Safety

Significant Laws in Oregon Traffic Safety Significant Laws in Oregon Traffic Safety 1931 As part of National Model Driver License law, driver licenses could be suspended upon conviction for DUII. 1937 Law passed making driving under the influence

More information

High Risk, Responsibilities and Liabilities

High Risk, Responsibilities and Liabilities High Risk, Responsibilities and Liabilities Alcoholic beverage retailers and their employees take on great responsibilities. Many of these responsibilities revolve around customers and the overservice

More information

BEING IN SHAPE TO RIDE

BEING IN SHAPE TO RIDE Riding a motorcycle is a demanding and complex task. Skilled riders pay attention to the riding environment and to operating the motorcycle, identifying potential hazards, making good judgments and executing

More information

Reducing DUI Recidivism: Ignition interlock devices (IIDs)

Reducing DUI Recidivism: Ignition interlock devices (IIDs) Reducing DUI Recidivism: Ignition interlock devices (IIDs) By: The Bennington College Incarceration Task Force (BCIT) Recommendations: The BCIT strongly supports H. 560. We commend the members of the House

More information

State of Knowledge: Female Drunk Drivers. Robyn Robertson President and CEO Traffic Injury Research Foundation

State of Knowledge: Female Drunk Drivers. Robyn Robertson President and CEO Traffic Injury Research Foundation State of Knowledge: Female Drunk Drivers Robyn Robertson President and CEO Traffic Injury Research Foundation Governors Highway Safety Association Baltimore, MD, August 28 th, 2012 Overview > Explanations

More information

DUI (Driving Under the Influence)

DUI (Driving Under the Influence) DUI (Driving Under the Influence) Driving Under the Influence (DUI) In Illinois, a person is considered to be driving under the influence when: The driver has an alcohol concentration on the breath of.08

More information

June 19, 2015. The Honorable Keith Ripp Chairman, Assembly Transportation Committee. Dear Chairman Ripp and Vice-Chairman Spiros,

June 19, 2015. The Honorable Keith Ripp Chairman, Assembly Transportation Committee. Dear Chairman Ripp and Vice-Chairman Spiros, June 19, 2015 The Honorable Keith Ripp Chairman, Assembly Transportation Committee Dear Chairman Ripp and Vice-Chairman Spiros, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) thanks you for co-authoring Assembly

More information

Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions 1. What do the changes include? These changes will introduce progressive administrative penalties for drivers with blood alcohol levels of.05 or greater, tougher penalties for

More information

PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS Section 5505 of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code (Title 18)

PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS Section 5505 of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code (Title 18) PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS Section 5505 of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code (Title 18) A person is guilty of a summary offense if he appears in any public place manifestly under the influence of alcohol to the degree

More information

Lifesavers 2015 J.T. Griffin Chief Government Affairs Officer MADD

Lifesavers 2015 J.T. Griffin Chief Government Affairs Officer MADD Lifesavers 2015 J.T. Griffin Chief Government Affairs Officer MADD Why All Offender Ignition Interlock Laws? Drunk Driving still accounts for one-third of ALL U.S. traffic fatalities (10,076 in 2013, NHTSA)

More information

Drinking, Drugs & Health

Drinking, Drugs & Health Chapter 6 Drinking, Drugs & Health Drinking, Drugs & Health 103 104 104 106 106 107 107 108 Effects of Alcohol How Much is Too Much? Drinking and Driving Good Hosts and the Drinking Driver Designated Drivers

More information

Traffic Safety Facts. Alcohol-Impaired Driving. 2013 Data. Overview. Key Findings

Traffic Safety Facts. Alcohol-Impaired Driving. 2013 Data. Overview. Key Findings Traffic Safety Facts 2013 Data December 2014 DOT HS 812 102 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Key Findings There were 10,076 fatalities in 2013 in crashes involving a driver with a BAC of.08 or higher; this was

More information

COLORADO DUI AND DUID LAW WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHEN CHARGED. A White Paper Presented By

COLORADO DUI AND DUID LAW WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHEN CHARGED. A White Paper Presented By COLORADO DUI AND DUID LAW WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHEN CHARGED A White Paper Presented By COLORADO DUI AND DUID LAW WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHEN CHARGED A Guide To Understanding The Penalties And Legal Processes

More information

Statement before the Ohio House Judiciary Committee. Alcohol Ignition Interlocks. Michele M. Fields, Esq.

Statement before the Ohio House Judiciary Committee. Alcohol Ignition Interlocks. Michele M. Fields, Esq. Statement before the Ohio House Judiciary Committee Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Michele M. Fields, Esq. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety is a nonprofit research and communications organization

More information

LODI POLICE DEPARTMENT David J. Main, Chief of Police

LODI POLICE DEPARTMENT David J. Main, Chief of Police Release Date and Time: 090309 Subject: Avoid the 10 DUI Grant Details: On 08/28/09 the Lodi Police Department conducted a DUI Check Point in the 500 block of E Lockeford. During this check point, LPD arrested

More information

Impaired Motorcycle Riding: Law Enforcement Officers Focus Group Results. Joey W. Syner and Maria E. Vegega

Impaired Motorcycle Riding: Law Enforcement Officers Focus Group Results. Joey W. Syner and Maria E. Vegega Impaired Motorcycle Riding: Law Enforcement Officers Focus Group Results Joey W. Syner and Maria E. Vegega U. S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Washington,

More information

The Interagency Task Force on Drunk Driving is committed to finding multi-disciplined solutions which ensure a reduction in the number of people

The Interagency Task Force on Drunk Driving is committed to finding multi-disciplined solutions which ensure a reduction in the number of people 2010 The Interagency Task Force on Drunk Driving is committed to finding multi-disciplined solutions which ensure a reduction in the number of people injured and killed by impaired driving. ITFDD Annual

More information

Presented by Rob Daniel Program Attorney, TJCTC rd48@txstate.edu

Presented by Rob Daniel Program Attorney, TJCTC rd48@txstate.edu Presented by Rob Daniel Program Attorney, TJCTC rd48@txstate.edu You have just died in a traffic accident. What are the chances that you were killed by a drunk driver? 1. 10% 2. 25% 3. 35% In 2010, 1,075

More information

Excellence in Prevention descriptions of the prevention

Excellence in Prevention descriptions of the prevention Name of Program/Strategy: Blood Alcohol Concentration Laws (Per se Laws) Report Contents 1. Overview and description 2. Implementation considerations (if available) 3. Descriptive information 4. Outcomes

More information

DWI Penalties 1st Offense 2nd Offense 3rd Offense

DWI Penalties 1st Offense 2nd Offense 3rd Offense DWI Penalties Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) in Texas is a serious offense. Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) over.08% or being under the influence of a controlled substance are grounds for arrest under Texas

More information

You And The Drinking Driving Laws

You And The Drinking Driving Laws You nd The Drinking Driving Laws WHY RE PENLTIES FOR DRINKING ND DRIVING SO STRICT? Drinking and driving is a hazardous combination. One third of the fatalities in New York State involve impaired or intoxicated

More information

Can Pennsylvania Laws Be Strengthened to Decrease Driving Under the Influence?

Can Pennsylvania Laws Be Strengthened to Decrease Driving Under the Influence? May 2011 Can Pennsylvania Laws Be Strengthened to Decrease Driving Under the Influence? Virginia Graziani Lowe The Center for Health Law, Policy and Practice works locally and globally to promote health

More information

TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS. Alcohol-Impaired Driving. 2009 Data

TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS. Alcohol-Impaired Driving. 2009 Data TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2009 Data Alcohol-Impaired Driving DOT HS 811 385 In 2009, there were 10,839 fatalities in crashes involving a driver with a BAC of.08 or higher 32 percent of total traffic fatalities

More information

DOT HS 812 101 December 2014. 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview 6.00 50,000. Fatality Rate per 100M VMT

DOT HS 812 101 December 2014. 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview 6.00 50,000. Fatality Rate per 100M VMT TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS Research Note DOT HS 812 101 December 2014 2013 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview After an increase in motor vehicle crash fatalities in 2012, fatalities on U.S. roadways in 2013 resumed

More information

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee.

Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee. ?JI LLIAM SCOTT DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF ALCOHOL AND STATE PROGRAMS NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION BEFORE THE GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE UNITED STATES SENATE REGARDING THE SURGEON GENERAL'S

More information

TRAFFIC SAFETY. Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates

TRAFFIC SAFETY. Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates United States Government Accountability Office Report to the Chairman, Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S. Senate June 2014 TRAFFIC SAFETY Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective

More information

Deterrence Effect of Sting Operations on Driving with a Suspended/Revoked License in Maryland

Deterrence Effect of Sting Operations on Driving with a Suspended/Revoked License in Maryland Deterrence Effect of Sting Operations on Driving with a Suspended/Revoked License in Maryland W.J. Rauch 1, H. Rohrback, Jr. 2, E.M. Ahlin 1, P.L. Zador 1, and H.M. Baum 1 1 Center for Studies on Alcohol,

More information

Michigan Driving Record Alcohol, Drugs and Consequences

Michigan Driving Record Alcohol, Drugs and Consequences 7 Your Michigan Driving Record Alcohol, Drugs and Consequences Michigan maintains a driving record for every driver. The driving record contains information the Secretary of State is required to maintain,

More information

Drugged Driving. What is Drugged Driving? How Many People Take Drugs and Drive?

Drugged Driving. What is Drugged Driving? How Many People Take Drugs and Drive? Drugged Driving What is Drugged Driving? "Have one [drink] for the road" was, until recently, a commonly used phrase in American culture. It has only been within the past 20 years that as a Nation, we

More information

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2009 Session

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2009 Session Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2009 Session HB 1217 FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE House Bill 1217 Judiciary (Delegate Kramer, et al.) Vehicle Laws - Mandatory Use of Ignition Interlock

More information

DUI... INSTANT CRIMINAL RECORD

DUI... INSTANT CRIMINAL RECORD DUI... INSTANT CRIMINAL RECORD TABLE OF CONTENTS Implied Consent How DUIs Are Handled p. 2 p. 2 I. DUI ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES II. DUI COURT PROCEDURES A. Penalties B. First Offense Election C. IID License

More information

DUI & APC 47 O.S. 11-901 Amended by Swezey Act & McGee Act There will be two versions of the statute come November 1.

DUI & APC 47 O.S. 11-901 Amended by Swezey Act & McGee Act There will be two versions of the statute come November 1. This summary is intended to highlight the major changes and provide a guid to penalties and such that will be in place effective November 1, 2011. DUI & APC 47 O.S. 11-901 Amended by Swezey Act & McGee

More information

Reduced BAC limit less drinking and driving?

Reduced BAC limit less drinking and driving? TØI report 530/2001 Author: Terje Assum Oslo 2001, 56 pages Norwegian language Summary: Reduced BAC limit less drinking and driving? Reduction of the BAC limit from 0.05 to 0.02 percent As the first country

More information

Founding MADD. Cari Lightner

Founding MADD. Cari Lightner Founding MADD Candace Lightner founded Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (now Mothers Against Drunk Driving) in 1980. She is an outspoken leader of the movement to reduce DWI fatalities through tougher laws

More information

In the Supreme Court of the United States

In the Supreme Court of the United States No. 11-1425 In the Supreme Court of the United States STATE OF MISSOURI, PETITIONER, v. TYLER G. MCNEELY, RESPONDENT. ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE MISSOURI SUPREME COURT BRIEF OF MOTHERS AGAINST DRUNK

More information

What You Should Know About: Impaired Driving. National Statistics

What You Should Know About: Impaired Driving. National Statistics What You Should Know About: Impaired Driving National Statistics Drunk driving is known in some states as DUI (driving under the influence), DWI (driving while intoxicated) and OWI (operating while intoxicated).

More information

DOT HS 811 700 December 2012

DOT HS 811 700 December 2012 TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2011 Data DOT HS 811 700 December 2012 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Drivers are considered to be alcohol-impaired when their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is.08 grams per deciliter

More information

I just got arrested for a State of South Carolina DUI charge. What happens now?

I just got arrested for a State of South Carolina DUI charge. What happens now? I just got arrested for a State of South Carolina DUI charge. What happens now? ISSUE ONE: The South Carolina Implied Consent Proceeding: Under South Carolina's implied consent law, a person who drives

More information

DOT HS 811 870 December 2013

DOT HS 811 870 December 2013 TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2012 Data DOT HS 811 870 December 2013 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Drivers are considered to be alcohol-impaired when their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is.08 grams per deciliter

More information

The Road Safety Monitor 2006. Drinking and Driving

The Road Safety Monitor 2006. Drinking and Driving The Road Safety Monitor 2006 Drinking and Driving The Traffic Injury The mission of the Traffic Injury (TIRF) is to reduce traffic-related deaths and injuries. TIRF is a national, independent, charitable

More information

THE MASSACHUSETTS SAVING LIVES PROGRAM: SIX CITIES WIDEN THE FOCUS FROM DRUNK DRIVING TO SPEEDING

THE MASSACHUSETTS SAVING LIVES PROGRAM: SIX CITIES WIDEN THE FOCUS FROM DRUNK DRIVING TO SPEEDING THE MASSACHUSETTS SAVING LIVES PROGRAM: SIX CITIES WIDEN THE FOCUS FROM DRUNK DRIVING TO SPEEDING Ralph Hingson, Sc.D. Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Summary:

More information

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism No. 31 PH 362 January 1996

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism No. 31 PH 362 January 1996 Annex B National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism No. 31 PH 362 January 1996 Drinking and Driving Driving involves multiple tasks, the demands of which can change continually. To drive safely,

More information

Should Interlocks Be Required for All DUI Offenders?

Should Interlocks Be Required for All DUI Offenders? Should Interlocks Be Required for All DUI Offenders? Lifesavers Annual Conference Lake Buena Vista, FL June 15, 2012 Anne T. McCartt Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) Nonprofit, independent

More information

Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data

Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data Alcohol-Impaired Driving DOT HS 811 155 In 2008, there were 11,773 fatalities in crashes involving a driver with a BAC of.08 or higher 32 percent of total traffic fatalities

More information

DRIVING CONTRACT FOR NEW DRIVERS AND THEIR PARENTS A Message to Teenagers and Their Parents Concerning Safe Driving in Maine

DRIVING CONTRACT FOR NEW DRIVERS AND THEIR PARENTS A Message to Teenagers and Their Parents Concerning Safe Driving in Maine DRIVING CONTRACT FOR NEW DRIVERS AND THEIR PARENTS A Message to Teenagers and Their Parents Concerning Safe Driving in Maine While obtaining a driver's license is the dream of most teenagers, it can lead

More information

Traffic Collision Statistics Report

Traffic Collision Statistics Report Traffic Collision Statistics Report 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Executive Summary 2012 Traffic Collision Statistics Report Executive Summary Motor vehicle collisions resulting in a fatality, injury or property

More information

Vermont Legislative Council

Vermont Legislative Council Vermont Legislative Council 115 State Street Montpelier, VT 05633-5301 (802) 828-2231 Fax: (802) 828-2424 MEMORANDUM To: From: House Judiciary Committee Erik FitzPatrick Date: February 19, 2015 Subject:

More information

Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes kill someone every 31 minutes and non-fatally injure someone every two minutes (NHTSA 2006).

Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes kill someone every 31 minutes and non-fatally injure someone every two minutes (NHTSA 2006). Impaired Driving Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes kill someone every 31 minutes and non-fatally injure someone every two minutes (NHTSA 2006). Occurrence and Consequences During 2005, 16,885 people

More information

CHAPTER 7 - YOUR DRIVING PRIVILEGES

CHAPTER 7 - YOUR DRIVING PRIVILEGES CHAPTER 7 - YOUR DRIVING PRIVILEGES Driving in Minnesota is a privilege. You can lose your driving privileges if you break certain laws or fail to meet certain requirements. The Minnesota Department of

More information

First Regular Session Seventieth General Assembly STATE OF COLORADO INTRODUCED SENATE SPONSORSHIP

First Regular Session Seventieth General Assembly STATE OF COLORADO INTRODUCED SENATE SPONSORSHIP First Regular Session Seventieth General Assembly STATE OF COLORADO INTRODUCED LLS NO. 1-00.01 Richard Sweetman x HOUSE BILL 1- HOUSE SPONSORSHIP Saine and McCann, Cooke and Johnston, SENATE SPONSORSHIP

More information

Child Endangerment. Black s Law Dictionary defines child abuse as:

Child Endangerment. Black s Law Dictionary defines child abuse as: Child Endangerment In 2012, 20 percent of the children age 14 and younger who were killed in motor vehicle crashes were killed in alcohol-impaired crashes. Of the 239 children 0 to 14 years old who were

More information